Rosa H Rosario

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Endothelial dysfunction is a key triggering event in atherosclerosis. Following the entry of lipoproteins into the vessel wall, their rapid modification results in the generation of advanced glycation endproduct epitopes and subsequent infiltration of inflammatory cells. These inflammatory cells release receptor for advanced glycation endproduct (RAGE)(More)
The endogenous phospholipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) regulates fundamental cellular processes such as proliferation, survival, motility, and invasion implicated in homeostatic and pathological conditions. Hence, delineation of the full range of molecular mechanisms by which LPA exerts its broad effects is essential. We report avid binding of LPA to the(More)
The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in the isolated perfused heart. To test the hypothesis that RAGE-dependent mechanisms modulated responses to I/R in a murine model of transient occlusion and reperfusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD),(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) have been implicated in diverse pathological settings including diabetes, inflammation and acute ischemia/reperfusion injury in the heart. AGEs interact with the receptor for AGEs (RAGE) and transduce signals through activation of MAPKs and proapoptotic pathways. In the current study, adult cardiomyocytes(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies showed that genetic deletion or pharmacological blockade of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) prevents the early structural changes in the glomerulus associated with diabetic nephropathy. To overcome limitations of mouse models that lack the progressive glomerulosclerosis observed in humans, we studied the(More)
In the kidney, the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is principally expressed in the podocyte at low levels, but is upregulated in both human and mouse glomerular diseases. Because podocyte injury is central to proteinuric states, such as the nephrotic syndrome, the murine adriamycin nephrosis model was used to explore the role of RAGE in(More)
In mammals, changes in the metabolic state, including obesity, fasting, cold challenge, and high-fat diets (HFDs), activate complex immune responses. In many strains of rodents, HFDs induce a rapid systemic inflammatory response and lead to obesity. Little is known about the molecular signals required for HFD-induced phenotypes. We studied the function of(More)
OBJECTIVE There are several pathways that mediate the aberrant metabolism of glucose and that might induce greater vascular damage in the setting of diabetes. The polyol pathway mediated by aldose reductase (AR) has been postulated to be one such pathway. However, it has been reported that AR reduces toxic lipid aldehydes and, under some circumstances,(More)
Diabetic peripheral nerve dysfunction is a common complication occurring in 30-50% of long-term diabetic patients. The pathogenesis of this dysfunction remains unclear but growing evidence suggests that it might be attributed, in part, to alteration in axonal transport. Our previous studies demonstrated that RAGE (Receptor for Advanced Glycation(More)
Diabetes exacerbates cardiovascular disease, at least in part through suppression of macrophage cholesterol efflux and levels of the cholesterol transporters ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and ABCG1. The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is highly expressed in human and murine diabetic atherosclerotic plaques, particularly in(More)