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Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-induced Ca2+ release from intracellular stores displays complex kinetic behavior. While it well established that cytosolic [Ca2+] can modulate release by acting on the InsP3 receptor directly, the role of the filling state of internal Ca2+stores in modulating Ca2+ release remains unclear. Here we have reevaluated this(More)
We recently proposed that extracellular Ca(2+) ions participate in a novel form of intercellular communication involving the extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR). Here, using Ca(2+)-selective microelectrodes, we directly measured the profile of agonist-induced [Ca(2+)]ext changes in restricted domains near the basolateral or luminal membranes of(More)
Different gene targeting approaches have been developed to modify endogenous genomic DNA in both human and mouse cells. Briefly, the process involves the targeting of a specific mutation in situ leading to the gene correction and the restoration of a normal gene function. Most of these protocols with therapeutic potential are oligonucleotide based, and rely(More)
In multicellular organisms, cells are crowded together in organized communities, surrounded by an interstitial fluid of extremely limited volume. Local communication between adjacent cells is known to occur through gap junctions in cells that are physically connected, or through the release of paracrine signaling molecules (e.g. ATP, glutamate, nitric(More)
Divalent cation receptors have recently been identified in a wide variety of tissues and organs, yet their exact function remains controversial. We have previously identified a member of this receptor family in the stomach and have demonstrated that it is localized to the parietal cell, the acid secretory cell of the gastric gland. The activation of acid(More)
Secretory granules of pancreatic β-cells contain high concentrations of Ca2+ ions that are co-released with insulin in the extracellular milieu upon activation of exocytosis. As a consequence, an increase in the extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]ext) in the microenvironment immediately surrounding β-cells should be expected following the exocytotic(More)
It is generally assumed that the functional consequences of stimulation with Ca2+ -mobilizing agonists are derived exclusively from the second messenger action of intracellular Ca2+, acting on targets inside the cells. However, during Ca2+ signaling events, Ca2+ moves in and out of the cell, causing changes not only in intracellular Ca2+, but also in local(More)
The mechanisms for the formation of the osmotic gradient driving water movements in the gastric gland and its modulation via the extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR) were investigated. Real time measurements of net water flux in the lumen of single gastric glands of the intact amphibian stomach were performed using ion-selective double-barreled(More)
Human infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (Hp) may lead to severe gastric diseases by an ill-understood process involving several virulence factors. Among these, the cytotoxin VacA is associated with higher tissue damage. In this study, the isolated frog stomach model was used to characterize the acute effects of VacA on the gastric epithelium.(More)
1. In the present work we have measured the pH of the secreted fluid within the gland lumen of isolated but intact gastric mucosa of Rana esculenta. Tissues were mounted in a double chamber allowing continuous perfusion of the mucosal and serosal compartment, and the measurements were made with double-barrelled pH glass microelectrodes inserted into the(More)