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The surface chemical properties and the electronic properties of vapor grown carbon nanofibers (VGCNFs) have been modified by treatment of the oxidized CNFs with NH(3). The effect of treatment temperature on the types of nitrogen functionalities introduced was evaluated by synchrotron based X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), while the impact of the(More)
Dynamic surface rearrangement and thermal stability of N-functional groups on carbon nanotubes (CNTs), obtained by functionalization of pristine CNTs with NH(3), were studied by temperature-programmed XPS and MS: a link between the stability of the functional group and decomposition temperature have been established and a conversion into graphitic nitrogen(More)
Commercial carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) modified in various ways at the surface have been used as supports for gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in order to study their influence on the activity/selectivity of catalysts in the aqueous oxidation of alcohol. Particularly oxidative treatment was used to introduce carboxylic functionalities,(More)
Studying catalysts in situ is of high interest for understanding their surface structure and electronic states in operation. Herein, we present a study of epitaxial manganite perovskite thin films (Pr1−xCaxMnO3) active for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) from electro-catalytic water splitting. X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) at the Mn(More)
Electrochemically grown cobalt on graphene exhibits exceptional performance as a catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and provides the possibility of controlling the morphology and the chemical properties during deposition. However, the detailed atomic structure of this hybrid material is not well understood. To elucidate the Co/graphene(More)
Iridium-basedmaterials are among themost active and stable electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction. Amorphous iridium oxide structures are found to bemore active than their crystalline counterparts. Herein, we combine synchrotron-based X-ray photoemission and absorption spectroscopies with theoretical calculations to investigate the electronic(More)
The Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been chemically functionalized with various oxygen-containing surface groups. The feature of abundant oxygen-containing surface functional groups on the functionalized CNTs is characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and temperatureprogrammed desorption analysis. Results indicate that the functionalized CNTs have a(More)
The influence of N and O functionalization of CNT on the morphology of supported Pd-PVA nanoparticles is studied with respect to the catalytic activity in the liquid phase oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde. The impact of specific N and O sites on the carbon surface induced by the high temperature N-functionalization in the temperature range(More)
Fe oxide nanoparticles show enhanced electrocatalytic performance in the reduction of CO(2) to isopropanol when deposited on an N-functionalized carbon nanotube (CNT) support rather than on a pristine or oxidized CNT support. XRD and high-resolution TEM were used to investigate the nanostructure of the electrocatalysts, and CO(2) adsorptive microcalorimetry(More)