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A method of magnetic resonance image acquisition and reconstruction is described in which high imaging rates and fast reconstruction times are allowed. The acquisition is a modification of the basic FLASH sequence but with a restricted number N of phase encodings. The encodings are applied sequentially, periodically, and continuously. Images are formed by(More)
We describe an experimental system for performing high-speed reconstruction of MR image data acquired with a GRASS sequence. System characteristics are an image acquisition time of 627 ms, continuous image reconstruction at a rate of 6 images/s, and an image reconstruction time of 120 ms. The results is a system for performing MR imaging in real time.
We describe a system for performing interactive MRI in real time. Using a TR/TE 7.1/3.5 ms sequence, the operator may alter a scan parameter and observe the effects of the alteration on the image within a few hundred milliseconds. With this system, we can interactively control the oblique scan slice orientation and, using inversion pulses, the image(More)
Real-time interactive color flow magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is a combination of real-time MR imaging and color encoding of velocity-induced phase angle. Flow-compensated (FC) and flow-encoded (FE) images are acquired continuously by using gradient echoes and a 12-msec repetition time. Each image is reconstructed within 200 msec of acquisition, and the(More)
Various compensation methods for different types of motion during MR image acquisition have been proposed. Presented here is a postprocessing scheme for eliminating artifacts due to linear, intra-slice motion of known velocity. The data for each phase encoding or "view" acquired from a moving object are shown to differ from those which would be measured(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) fluoroscopy is a method for high-speed MR image acquisition with the goals of short acquisition time per image (500 msec or less), high image rate (10 images or more per second), and high-speed image reconstruction (150 msec or less from data acquisition to image display). The authors present their results with the first two goals in(More)
While gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy has shown potential as a cancer therapeutic in animal and clinical trials, concerns over the efficacy, selectivity, and safety of gene delivery vehicles have restricted its advance. In an attempt to relieve some of the demands on targeted gene delivery vehicles and achieve the full potential of enzyme prodrug(More)
Existing regulatory frameworks aiming to improve the quality of rivers place hydromorphology as a key factor in the assessment of hydrology, morphology and river continuity. The majority of available methods for hydromorphological characterisation rely on the identification of homogeneous areas (i.e., features) of flow, vegetation and substrate. For that(More)
  • Environment Agency, Jon Hateley, Ros Wright, Pers Comm
  • 2013
Given the acknowledged paucity of Data Rich or monitored catchments with established biological reference points for eels (e.g. in Ireland there were 5 catchments with rich eel data, 17 with poor data and 242 with little or no eel data), extrapolation of knowledge gained from the data rich monitored catchments to catchments where little or no eel data(More)