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BACKGROUND Intramural hematoma of the thoracic aorta (IMH) is a diagnosis of exclusion and represents spontaneous, localized hemorrhage into the wall of the thoracic aorta in the absence of bona fide aortic dissection, intimal tear, or penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer. This process may arise from primary vasa vasorum hemorrhage within the aortic media or(More)
Cyclosporine central neurotoxicity has been described after bone marrow, kidney, and liver transplantation but has not been well documented after heart transplantation. This case illustrates severe reversible neurotoxicity after heart transplantation with characteristic radiographic changes in magnetic resonance imaging.
A case of transdiaphragmatic empyema necessitatis due to tuberculosis presented clinically as a subcutaneous mass in the posteroinferior right chest. Imaging studies revealed a 12 cm diameter suprahepatic mass contiguous with thickened and calcified right pleura. Even in the preantibiotic era, such a presentation of empyema necessitatis was very unusual.
Cardiac xenotransplantation in nonprimates using traditional immunosuppression (azathioprine and prednisone) or cyclosporine has been unsuccessful or has required doses of immunosuppressants not tolerated by man. This study sought to determine if primate hearts could be transplanted successfully across genus boundaries using a dose of cyclosporine(More)
Similar to human allografts, cardiac xenografts also appear susceptible to chronic vascular rejection. The study described here evaluated the influence of mycophenolate mofetil on the incidence and severity of vascular rejection in a primate model of heart xenotransplantation. Nine baboons received heterotopic cardiac xenografts from donor cynomolgus(More)
Acute mediastinitis and sternal infection after sternotomy are potentially devastating complications, but considerable advances in treatment have been made during the past decade. Sternectomy followed by reconstruction with use of either an omental transposition or a muscle flap has markedly decreased mortality and morbidity. After extensive rib resection,(More)
Heterotopic cardiac transplantation in the primate is a valuable method for the evaluation of immuno-suppressive regimens. This report describes our technique for heterotopic transplantation of cardiac grafts into the neck of baboons. Preliminary experience with cross-genus cardiac transplantation in the nonhuman primate is discussed.
In the United States, heart donor availability has increasingly failed to keep pace with rising demand. Transplant data were obtained from the United Network for Organ Sharing for 1988, 1989, and 1990 and by survey of 50 heart transplantation centers, which performed 1932 transplantations between 1983 and 1989. According to the United Network for Organ(More)
More than 500 people died in 1988 because of the shortage of human heart donors. Cardiac xenografts from concordant primates may help to relieve this shortage. Two groups of ABO-matched cynomolgus monkey-to-baboon heterotopic cardiac xenografts were studied. Group 1 (n = 4) control animals had no immunosuppression. Group 2 (n = 6) baboons received(More)