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Esophageal cancer is among the most common and fatal tumors in the world. Eighty percent of esophageal tumors are esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Brazil is one of the high incidence areas in the West, where tobacco and alcohol consumption have been associated with ESCC. However, polymorphisms in xenobiotic metabolizing genes may also contribute(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to investigate the seroprevalence and sociodemographic data, health-related and occupational factors and other correlates of sero-posivity among dentists in the city of Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was carried out with 1302 dentists in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. All dentists were(More)
Sequence variation among different hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolates has adaptive significance and reflects the modes and intensities of selection mechanisms operating on the virus. In this work, we sought to investigate using classical population genetics parameters, the genetic variability of HCV genotype 1 using the 5' UTR and NS5A regions from treatment(More)
Fibrosis and cirrhosis represent the consequences of a sustained wound-healing response to chronic liver injury of any cause. Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) has emerged as a leading cause of cirrhosis in the USA and throughout the world. HCV may induce fibrogenesis directly by hepatic stellate cell activation or indirectly by promoting oxidative stress and(More)
In HCV cirrhotic patients after liver transplantation, survival and recurrence of HCV appears to be worsening in recent years. Donor age has been suggested as a cause. However, it is not clear if early and/or late mortality is affected and whether donor age is a key factor, as opposed to changes in immunosuppression. The aim of this study was to assess(More)
The literature on the assessment of morbidity due to Schistosoma mansoni infection is updated. Imaging techniques such as ultrasonography, echodoppler cardiography, computerized tomography (CT scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) introduced a new perspective, and expanded our knowledge on morbidity. Three well-defined syndromes caused by(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to carry out an epidemiological study to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal conditions in Brazilian patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 215 patients with chronic hepatitis C who were examined for oral mucosal conditions, including oral mucosal lesions and variations of(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B infection is the major cause of acute and chronic liver disease, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide and has long been recognized as an occupational hazard among dentists. The aim of the present study was to examine factors associated to the self-reporting of hepatitis B vaccination and immunization status among dentists(More)
In an endemic area for schistosomiasis in the northeast of the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil 516 individuals have been submitted to clinical and laboratory examination, ultrasonography of the abdomen and dopplerecocardiography in order to define the morbidity of schistosomiasis before and after treatment. A high prevalence of schistosomiasis (66.3%) and(More)