Rosário Santos

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Analyzing the type and frequency of patient-specific mutations that give rise to Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an invaluable tool for diagnostics, basic scientific research, trial planning, and improved clinical care. Locus-specific databases allow for the collection, organization, storage, and analysis of genetic variants of disease. Here, we(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked genetic disease, caused by the absence of the dystrophin protein. Although many novel therapies are under development for DMD, there is currently no cure and affected individuals are often confined to a wheelchair by their teens and die in their twenties/thirties. DMD is a rare disease (prevalence <5/10,000).(More)
Molecular characterization of patients with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophies is essential for establishing a differential diagnosis, allowing appropriate clinical follow-up, patient management and genetic counseling. In light of the recent mutation-based therapeutic approaches, DMD gene analysis has gained further relevance. Owing to the size and(More)
The Gilbert syndrome is a benign form of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, mainly associated with alterations in UGT1A1 gene. This work investigated the effect of UGT1A1 variants on total bilirubin levels in Gilbert patients (n=45) and healthy controls (n=161). Total bilirubin levels were determined using a colorimetric method; molecular analysis of exons(More)
Congenital muscular dystrophy type 1A is caused by mutations in the LAMA2 gene, which encodes the α2-chain of laminin. We report two patients with partial laminin-α2 deficiency and atypical phenotypes, one with almost exclusive central nervous system involvement (cognitive impairment and refractory epilepsy) and the second with marked cardiac dysfunction,(More)
Myotubular myopathy (MIM#310400), the X-linked form of Centronuclear myopathy (CNM) is mainly characterized by neonatal hypotonia and inability to maintain unassisted respiration. The MTM1 gene, responsible for this disease, encodes myotubularin – a lipidic phosphatase involved in vesicle trafficking regulation and maturation. Recently, it was shown that(More)
Inherited retinal dystrophies represent the most important cause of vision impairment in adolescence, affecting approximately 1 out of 3000 individuals. Mutations of the photoreceptor-specific gene ABCA4 (ABCR) are a common cause of retinal dystrophy. A number of mutations have been repeatedly reported for this gene, notably the 2588G>C mutation which is(More)
OBJECTIVE Defects in the human thyroid peroxidase (TPO) gene are reported to be one of the causes of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) due to a total iodide organification defect. The aim of the present study was to determine the nature and frequency of TPO gene mutations in patients with CH, characterised by elevated TSH levels and orthotopic thyroid gland,(More)
In humans, bilirubin levels are influenced by different factors. This study evaluates how several nongenetic causes and the genetic UGT1A1 polymorphisms contribute for bilirubin levels, in a cohort of 146 young Caucasian females. Hematological data, bilirubin, screening of TA duplication in the UGT1A1 gene, body mass index (BMI) and body fat were(More)
Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, bone marrow dysfunction, and skeletal abnormalities. The Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome (SBDS) gene was identified as a causative gene for SDS in 2003, and genetic analyses of SDS have been performed. Over the last 4 years, a number(More)