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Alternative exon splicing and reversible protein phosphorylation of large conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels represent fundamental control mechanisms for the regulation of cellular excitability. BK channels are encoded by a single gene that undergoes extensive, hormonally regulated exon splicing. In native tissues BK channels display(More)
Recent developments in cellular imaging now permit the minimally invasive study of protein interactions in living cells. These advances are of enormous interest to cell biologists, as proteins rarely act in isolation, but rather in concert with others in forming cellular machinery. Up until recently, all protein interactions had to be determined in vitro(More)
Synaptic terminals and neuroendocrine cells are packed with secretory vesicles, only a few of which are docked at the plasma membrane and readily releasable. The remainder are thought to constitute a large cytoplasmic reserve pool awaiting recruitment into the readily releasable pool (RRP) for exocytosis. How vesicles are prioritized in recruitment is still(More)
Eukaryotic membrane trafficking is a conserved process under tight temporal and spatial regulation in which the fusion of membranes is driven by the formation of the ternary SNARE complex. Syntaxin 1a, a core component of the exocytic SNARE complex in neurons and neuroendocrine cells, is regulated directly by munc18-1, its cognate Sec1p/munc18 (SM) protein.(More)
Simple sequence repeats (SSRs), also known as microsatellites, are highly variable DNA sequences that can be used as markers for the genetic analysis of plants. Three approaches were followed for the development of PCR primers for the amplification of DNA fragments containing SSRs from sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]: a search for sorghum SSRs in(More)
Interactions between host plant resistance and biological control may be advantageous or disadvantageous for pest management. Turfgrass cultivars have rarely been tested for extrinsic resistance characteristics such as occurrence and performance of beneÞcial arthropods on plants with resistance to known turf pests. Among six turfgrass cultivars tested, the(More)
NMDA receptors (NMDARs) mediate ischemic brain damage, for which interactions between the C termini of NR2 subunits and PDZ domain proteins within the NMDAR signaling complex (NSC) are emerging therapeutic targets. However, expression of NMDARs in a non-neuronal context, lacking many NSC components, can still induce cell death. Moreover, it is unclear(More)
The spatial distribution of the target (t-)SNARE proteins (syntaxin and SNAP-25) on the plasma membrane has been extensively characterized. However, the protein conformations and interactions of the two t-SNAREs in situ remain poorly defined. By using super-resolution optical techniques and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy, we observed that within(More)
A size-fractionated TaqI genomic library of seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum Swartz) was screened for the presence of (GA) n and (CA) n simple sequence repeats (SSRs). A total of 54 clones with a positive signal were detected among 13,000 clones screened. Forty-seven clones having repeats of n[Symbol: see text] 3 were identified, of which 85% were(More)
ABSTRACT Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) were used to study the population genetics of Colletotrichum graminicola (= C. sublineolum), the causal agent of sorghum anthracnose. Screening of 80 anonymous probes from a genomic library detected polymorphisms in 81% of 299 probe-enzyme combinations among nine international isolates. Seven(More)