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Gridded on high density filters, a P1 genomic library of 17-fold coverage and a cosmid library of 8 genome equivalents, both made from S. pombe strain 972h-, were ordered by hybridizing genetic markers and individual clones from the two libraries. Yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones covering the entire genome were used to subdivide the libraries, and(More)
Six inherited neurodegenerative diseases are caused by a CAG/polyglutamine expansion, including spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA), Huntington's disease (HD), spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1), dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) Machado-Joseph disease (MJD or SCA3) and SCA2. Normal and expanded HD allele sizes of 6-39 and 35-121 repeats(More)
A complete set of software tools to aid the physical mapping of a genome has been developed and successfully applied to the genomic mapping of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Two approaches were used for ordering single-copy hybridisation probes: one was based on the simulated annealing algorithm to order all probes, and another on inferring(More)
We describe here the construction of an ordered clone map of human chromosome 21, based on the identification of ordered sets of YAC clones covering > 90% of the chromosome, and their use to identify groups of cosmid clones (cosmid pockets) localised to subregions defined by the YAC clone map. This is to our knowledge the highest resolution map of one human(More)
The use of hybridisation of synthetic oligonucleotides to cDNAs under high stringency to characterise gene sequences has been demonstrated by a number of groups. We have used two cDNA libraries of 9 and 12 day mouse embryos (24 133 and 34 783 clones respectively) in a pilot study to characterise expressed genes by hybridisation with 110 hybridisation(More)
The recent observation that the mutation underlying a number of genetic diseases including fragile sites, FRAXA and FRAXE (associated with mental retardation), myotonic dystrophy, spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (Kennedy's disease), Huntington's disease and spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 are caused by the expansion of a trinucleotide repeat sequence will(More)
The quest for the mutation responsible for Huntington's disease (HD) has required an exceptionally detailed analysis of a large part of 4p16.3 by molecular genetic techniques, making this stretch of 2.2 megabases one of the best characterized regions of the human genome. Here we describe the construction of a cosmid and P1 clone contig spanning the region(More)
Experimental noise and noncontiguous clone inserts can pose serious problems in reconstructing genomic maps from hybridization data. We describe an algorithm that easily identifies false positive signals and clones containing chimeric inserts/internal deletions. The algorithm "dechimerizes" clones, splitting them into independent contiguous components and(More)
The techniques of distance geometry, which generate coordinates from observed interpoint distances, have been applied to the problem of determining the relative positions of linked genetic loci from observed interlocus distances. Only the most precise data needed to join the loci are used, with missing distances substituted by sums of precise intermediate(More)