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BACKGROUND Horseback riding is more dangerous than motorcycle riding, skiing, football, and rugby. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and injury patterns, as well as risk factors associated with severe equestrian trauma. METHODS All patients with major equestrian injuries (injury severity score > or = 12) admitted between 1995 and(More)
A double immunofluorescence technique has been used to assess postnatal maturational changes in the extent to which dopamine-immunoreactive (DA-IR) varicose fibers form contacts with gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-immunoreactive (IR) neuronal cell bodies in rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFCx). Two separate measures of interaction, the percentage of GABA-IR(More)
The objective of this study was to determine retrospectively the prevalence of osteoporosis in a referral population and to compare the effectiveness of measuring multiple skeletal sites for identifying osteoporosis. Although osteoporosis is considered to be a major public health problem in the United States, and there are reliable methods for diagnosis(More)
Recent postmortem studies have suggested that reduced gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic activity in limbic cortex may be one component to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. This hypothesis has underscored the importance of knowing whether midbrain dopamine afferents interact extensively enough with inhibitory interneurons to suggest a direct functional(More)
The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the cobalt blue and ninhydrin sweat tests were compared with the sympathogalvanic response (SGR) in assessment of complete sympathetic blockade. Patients were randomly assigned to receive epidural administration of either preservative-free physiologic saline solution and 80 mg methylprednisolone (group I,(More)
The incidence of headache after dural puncture in patients being treated for chronic pain was studied prospectively. Dural punctures were performed in 142 patients and headache developed in 13 (9.2%). Four of 32 patients (12.5%) who underwent diagnostic differential spinal and nine of 110 patients (8.2%) given intrathecal steroid injection developed(More)