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To achieve sustainable change, quality improvement initiatives must become the new way of working rather than something added on to routine clinical care. However, most organizational change is not maintained. In this next article in this Moving Points in Nephrology feature on quality improvement, we provide health care professionals with strategies to(More)
Data of incident hemodialysis patients from 2001 to 2007 were abstracted from The Renal Disease Registry (TRDR) from central Ontario, Canada and followed until December 2008 to determine 90-day mortality rates for incident hemodialysis patients. Modifiable risk factors of early mortality were determined by a Cox model. In total, 876 of 4807 incident(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Infectious complications remain a significant cause of peritoneal dialysis (PD) technique failure. Topical ointments seem to reduce peritonitis; however, concerns over resistance have led to a quest for alternative agents. This study examined the effectiveness of applying topical Polysporin Triple ointment (P(3)) against mupirocin(More)
We analyzed the association between whole-blood trough tacrolimus (TAC) levels in the first days post-kidney transplant and acute cellular rejection (ACR) rates. Four hundred and sixty-four consecutive, deceased-donor kidney transplant recipients were included. All were treated with a combination of TAC, mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone. Patients were(More)
Evidence is emerging that cognitive impairment, delirium and depression are very common in patients with renal disease. All of these conditions are associated with prolonged hospitalization and an increased risk of mortality. A good understanding of these conditions is key to their prevention, early intervention and management. This Review summarizes the(More)
Presentation Quality Improvement (QI) research may be defined as " the design, development and evaluation of complex interventions aimed at the redesign of health care systems to produce improved outcomes ". The challenge of QI lies in bridging the gap between knowing what needs to happen at an individual patient level and implementing this at a systems(More)
Successful cannulation of the arteriovenous access for patients with end-stage kidney failure to allow catheter-free hemodialysis is associated with superior patient outcomes. With an increasing rate of arteriovenous access creation, coupled with increasing dialysis patient age, the "difficult-to-cannulate" access is becoming more commonplace.(More)
BACKGROUND Simulation-based-mastery-learning (SBML) is an effective method to train nephrology fellows to competently insert temporary, non-tunneled hemodialysis catheters (NTHCs). Previous studies of SBML for NTHC-insertion have been conducted at a local level. OBJECTIVES Determine if SBML for NTHC-insertion can be effective when provided at a national(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescent and young adult kidney transplant recipients have worse graft outcomes than older and younger age groups. Difficulties in the process of transition, defined as the purposeful, planned movement of adolescents with chronic health conditions from child to adult-centered health care systems, may contribute to this. Improving the process of(More)
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is common in dialysis patients accounting for up to 25% of all-cause mortality. Unlike in the general population, occlusive coronary artery disease is implicated in a minority of these deaths. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system is prevalent in the dialysis population and may underlie this high rate of SCD. β-blockers(More)