Rory D Richardson

Learn More
During spinal cord development, distinct classes of interneurons arise at stereotypical locations along the dorsoventral axis. In this paper, we demonstrate that signaling through bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) type 1 receptors is required for the formation of two populations of commissural neurons, DI1 and DI2, that arise within the dorsal neural tube.(More)
Like most vertebrates, birds have two forms of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Chicken GnRH-I (cGnRH-I) is released at the median eminence to elicit gonadotropin release; chicken GnRH-II (cGnRH-II) is thought to be non-hypophysiotropic and its function is unclear. Both forms are hypothesized to act as neurotransmitters in the control of reproductive(More)
To determine if altered sensitivity to neuropeptide Y (NPY) underlies premigratory fattening, white-crowned sparrows held on short day length (9:15-h light-dark) received injections into the third ventricle (ivt) of saline or several doses of NPY. An inverted-U function occurred with food intake increasing 30 and 60 min after doses of 1.0 and 2.0 micrograms(More)
Migratory birds rely on increased fat storage and fatty acid utilization to meet seasonal changes of energy expenditure and as a result increase food intake and fat stores before migration. To determine whether their feeding behavior is sensitive to carbohydrate and/or fatty acid utilization, white-crowned sparrows maintained on short daylength (9L15D) were(More)
Plasma insulin (PI) reportedly crosses the blood-brain barrier in mammals and acts with the central nervous system (CNS) to reduce food intake. Animals that hibernate (hibernators) eat little or no food from early winter (November) to spring (April). This lack of food intake may be due to elevated PI concentrations acting within the CNS. In this study, we(More)
Neuropeptides such as neuropeptide Y (NPY) and galanin may play a role in regulating the pronounced seasonal changes in food intake shown by golden-mantled ground squirrels (Spermophilus saturatus). We used in situ hybridization histochemistry to localize the expression of NPY and galanin mRNA in the hypothalamus of normally feeding animals. NPY mRNA was(More)
The intent of this paper is to evaluate decreases of food intake and body weight that occur when a peptide is administered to an animal. Using the pancreatic hormone insulin as an example, the case is made that endogenous insulin is normally secreted in response to circulating nutrients as well as in proportion to the degree of adiposity. Hence, its levels(More)
The study presented below describes experiments that investigate the ability of insulin to inhibit food intake in awake, active marmots during the summer season. Our results suggest that increasing intraventricular insulin concentration during the summer active feeding period will cause a decrease in food intake and body weight of marmots. When infused with(More)
Because of the body's resistance to permanent weight change, obesity remains a major health problem in modern society. It is hypothesized that the regulatory system defending body weight utilizes pancreatic insulin as an indicator of adiposity to the brain. To take advantage of this negative feedback system, we transplanted neonatal (experiment 1) or adult(More)
White-crowned sparrows maintained on short days (9:15-h light-dark cycle) were peripherally injected with 1.0, 4.0, and 16 micrograms/kg ip of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8). Meal size over the subsequent 30 min was significantly depressed in a dose-dependent fashion. Water intake was not affected. The anorexic effect caused by 4.0 micrograms/kg was(More)