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Three experiments investigated the relationship between subjective experience and attentional lapses during sustained attention. These experiments employed two measures of subjective experience (thought probes and questionnaires) to examine how differences in awareness correspond to variations in both task performance (reaction time and errors) and(More)
Self-harm and suicide are major public health problems in adolescents, with rates of self-harm being high in the teenage years and suicide being the second most common cause of death in young people worldwide. Important contributors to self-harm and suicide include genetic vulnerability and psychiatric, psychological, familial, social, and cultural factors.(More)
Two experiments employed experience sampling to examine the factors associated with a prospective and retrospective focus during mind wandering. Experiment One explored the contribution of working memory and indicated that participants generally prospect when the task does not require continuous monitoring. Experiment Two demonstrated that in the context of(More)
BACKGROUND Ziprasidone is a novel antipsychotic with a unique pharmacologic profile. This study compared ziprasidone with the conventional antipsychotic haloperidol in outpatients with stable schizophrenia. METHOD Three hundred one outpatients with stable chronic or subchronic schizophrenia (DSM-III-R) were randomized and participated in this(More)
Evidence suggests that mind wandering is a frequent accompaniment to an unhappy mood. Building on such work, two laboratory experiments used mood induction to assess whether the greater frequency of mind wandering in a low mood is also accompanied by a shift towards a focus on events from the past. Experiment 1 induced moods via video and induction of an(More)
OBJECTIVES Few studies have specifically tested the Cry of Pain model (CoP model; Williams, 2001). This model conceptualizes suicidal behaviour as a behavioural response to a stressful situation which has three components: defeat, no escape potential, and no rescue. In addition, the model specifies a mediating role for entrapment on the defeat-suicidal(More)
BACKGROUND The suicide rate in Scotland is twice as high as that in England. However, the prevalence of self-harm is unknown. AIMS To determine the prevalence of self-harm in adolescents in Scotland and the factors associated with it. METHOD A total of 2008 pupils aged 15-16 years completed an anonymous lifestyle and coping survey. Information was(More)
Since the 1980s, there has been a 300 percent increase in the number of published papers on perfectionism. Given the inconsistent findings in the literature, this systematic review examines, for the first time, the nature of the relationship between perfectionism and suicidality. To this end, the three main psychological and medical databases (PsychInfo(More)