Roongroj Bhidayasiri

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Amongst all regions of the body, the craniocervical region is the one most frequently affected by dystonia. Whilst blepharospasm--involuntary bilateral eye closure--is produced by spasmodic contractions of the orbicularis oculi muscles, oromandibular dystonia may cause jaw closure with trismus and bruxism, or involuntary jaw opening or deviation,(More)
OBJECTIVE To make evidence-based recommendations regarding management of tardive syndromes (TDS), including tardive dyskinesias (TDD), by addressing 5 questions: 1) Is withdrawal of dopamine receptor blocking agents (DRBAs) an effective TDS treatment? 2) Does switching from typical to atypical DRBAs reduce TDS symptoms? 3) What is the efficacy of(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a hypothetical scheme to account for clinical disorders of vertical gaze based on recent insights gained from experimental studies. METHODS The authors critically reviewed reports of anatomy, physiology, and effects of pharmacologic inactivation of midbrain nuclei. RESULTS Vertical saccades are generated by burst neurons lying in(More)
Chorea refers to irregular, flowing, non-stereotyped, random, involuntary movements that often possess a writhing quality referred to as choreoathetosis. When mild, chorea can be difficult to differentiate from restlessness. When chorea is proximal and of large amplitude, it is called ballism. Chorea is usually worsened by anxiety and stress and subsides(More)
BACKGROUND Friedreich ataxia (FA), the most common hereditary ataxia, is caused by pathological expansion of GAA repeats in the first intron of the X25 gene on chromosome 9. Since the discovery of the gene, atypical features are increasingly recognized in individuals with FA, and up to 25% of patients with recessive or sporadic ataxia do not fulfill the(More)
We measured gaze stability in darkness of four normal humans using the search coil technique. Subjects were tested first with their heads erect, and then with their heads positioned 180 degrees upside-down. In each position, subjects held their head stationary for one minute, and then actively performed pitch rotations for 20 sec. All subjects showed(More)
Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy (BAFME) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by adult-onset cortical tremor or action myoclonus predominantly in the upper limbs, and generalized seizures. We investigated a Thai BAFME family. Clinical and electrophysiological studies revealed that 13 were affected with BAFME. There were a total of 24(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relative roles of burst neurons (which generate the saccadic command) and omnipause neurons (which gate the activity of burst neurons) in the pathogenesis of slow saccades in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). BACKGROUND Experimental inactivation of mesencephalic burst neurons impairs vertical but not horizontal saccades.(More)