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Interactions of micronutrients can affect absorption and bioavailability of other nutrients by a number of mechanisms. In aqueous solutions, and at higher uptake levels, competition between elements with similar chemical characteristics and uptake process can take place. The consequences of these interactions may depend on the relative concentrations of the(More)
We have previously shown a differential expression of a family of mitochondrial ncRNAs in normal and cancer cells. Normal proliferating cells and cancer cells express the sense mitochondrial ncRNA (SncmtRNA). In addition, while normal proliferating cells express two antisense mitochondrial ncRNAs (ASncmtRNAs-1 and −2), these transcripts seem to be(More)
The psychrophilic protease subtilisin S41 from the Antarctic bacillus TA41, and two variants with two and seven amino acid substitutions were studied using molecular dynamics simulation at 283 and 363 K. The analysis of protein dynamics revealed that the average global flexibility of both variants was slightly higher than wild type at both 283 and 363 K.(More)
Bacillus gibsonii Alkaline Protease (BgAP) is a recently reported subtilisin protease exhibiting activity and stability properties suitable for applications in laundry and dish washing detergents. However, BgAP suffers from a significant decrease of activity at low temperatures. In order to increase BgAP activity at 15°C, a directed evolution campaign based(More)
Bacillus subtilis strains are used for extracellular expression of enzymes (i.e., proteases, lipases, and cellulases) which are often engineered by directed evolution for industrial applications. B. subtilis DB104 represents an attractive directed evolution host since it has a low proteolytic activity and efficient secretion. B. subtilis DB104 is hampered(More)
Proteases are industrially important enzymes but often have to be improved for their catalytic efficiency and stabilities to suit applications. Flow cytometry screening technology based on in vitro compartmentalization in double emulsion had been developed and applied on directed evolution of paraoxonase and β-galactosidase. Further advancements of flow(More)
Chemoenzymatic cellulose degradation is one of the key steps for the production of biomass-based fuels under mild conditions. An effective cellulose degradation process requires diverse physico-chemical dissolution of the biomass prior to enzymatic degradation. In recent years, “green” solvents, such as ionic liquids and, more recently, deep eutectic(More)
Directed evolution offers opportunities to improve promiscuous activities of hydrolases in rounds of diversity generation and high-throughput screening. In this article, we developed and validated a screening platform to improve the perhydrolytic activity of proteases and likely other hydrolases (e.g., lipases or esterases). Key was the development of a(More)
We reported the presence in human cells of a noncoding mitochondrial RNA that contains an inverted repeat (IR) of 815 nucleotides (nt) covalently linked to the 5' end of the mitochondrial 16S RNA (16S mtrRNA). The transcript contains a stem-loop structure and is expressed in human proliferating cells but not in resting cells. Here, we demonstrate that, in(More)
Previously, we reported the presence in mouse cells of a mitochondrial RNA which contains an inverted repeat (IR) of 121 nucleotides (nt) covalently linked to the 5' end of the mitochondrial 16S RNA (16S mtrRNA). Here, we report the structure of an equivalent transcript of 2374 nt which is over-expressed in human proliferating cells but not in resting(More)