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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a risk factor for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). After a traumatic brain injury depositions of amyloid beta (Abeta) in the brain parenchyma were found. In this study we investigated the expression pattern of beta-secretase (BACE-1) in ipsi- or contralateral hippocampus and cortex following controlled cortical(More)
BACKGROUND External ventricular drainage (EVD) is frequently necessary in neurological and neurosurgical intensive care patients. A major complication of this procedure is an EVD-related venticulitis or meningitis. The purpose of this review is (1) to address the magnitude of the problem in the neurocritical care patient population, (2) to discuss the(More)
UNLABELLED Temporary intraventricular catheters for managing acute obstructive hydrocephalus caused by intraventricular haemorrhage carry a high risk of developing ventriculostomy-related ventriculitis (VRV). The aim of this prospective study was to validate a new parameter for the early detection of an intraventricular infection. METHODS Patients with(More)
Different features of sensorimotor function and behaviour were studied in murine cerebral malaria (CM) and malaria without cerebral involvement (non-CM) applying the primary screen of the SHIRPA protocol. Histopathological analysis of distinct brain regions was performed and the relative size of haemorrhages and plugging of blood cells to brain vasculature(More)
Apoptotic cell death plays an important role in the cascade of neuronal degeneration after traumatic brain injury (TBI), but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. However, increasing evidence suggests that expression of Fas and its ligand (FasL) could play a major role in mediating apoptotic cell death in acute and chronic neurologic(More)
The pharmacokinetic profile of linezolid in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in five neurointensive care patients with staphylococcal ventriculitis was studied. The mean area under concentration-time curve (+/- standard deviation) was 63 +/- 18.9 mg x h/liter, with a CSF-to-plasma ratio of 0.8 +/- 0.3. Times above MIC in CSF were 99.8% and 57.2% for pathogens with(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the influence of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions on mortality and outcome of patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and to determine predictors of unfavorable neurologic long-term outcome in this patient population. DESIGN Cohort study with post-intensive care unit (ICU) prospective evaluation of functional(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To provide an overview of infectious intracranial complications secondary to invasive procedures or trauma in the neuro-ICU patient population. Nosocomial infections of the central nervous system are a serious complication contributing to morbidity, prolonged length of stay in the ICU and/or hospital, and mortality of neurocritical care(More)
INTRODUCTION There is a substantial amount of evidence from animal models that early brain injury (EBI) may play an important role for secondary brain injury after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Cerebral microdialysis (CMD) allows online measurement of brain metabolites, including the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix(More)
BACKGROUND As brain temperature is reported to be extensively higher than core body temperature in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients, posttraumatic hyperthermia is of particular relevance in the injured brain. OBJECTIVE To study the influence of prophylactic normothermia on brain temperature and the temperature gradient between brain and core body in(More)