Ronnier J. Aviles

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CONTEXT Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a leukocyte enzyme that promotes oxidation of lipoproteins in atheroma, has been proposed as a possible mediator of atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE To determine the association between MPO levels and prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Case-control study conducted from July to September(More)
CONTEXT Formation of nitric oxide-derived oxidants may serve as a mechanism linking inflammation to development of atherosclerosis. Nitrotyrosine, a specific marker for protein modification by nitric oxide-derived oxidants, is enriched in human atherosclerotic lesions and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) recovered from human atheroma. OBJECTIVES To determine(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of systemic inflammation determined by elevations in C-reactive protein (CRP) has been associated with persistence of atrial fibrillation (AF). The relationship between CRP and prediction of AF has not been studied in a large population-based cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS CRP measurement and cardiovascular assessment were performed(More)
BACKGROUND The pleiotropic actions of hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) include antiinflammatory and antioxidant actions. We recently reported that statins induce reductions in plasma protein levels of nitrotyrosine (NO2Tyr), a modification generated by nitric oxide-derived oxidants. Whether alternative oxidative pathways are(More)
OBJECTIVE To guide primary care physicians regarding the diagnosis and treatment of poststreptococcal reactive arthritis (PSReA) in adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed an indexed database of all patients evaluated or hospitalized between 1976 and 1998 at Mayo Clinic Rochester and identified 35 patients with the diagnosis of reactive(More)
The regional distribution of skeletal muscle blood flow was measured during postischemic reactive hyperemia using Gd-DTPA contrast-enhanced (CE) MRI. The release of an occlusive thigh cuff was used to deliver a step-input of contrast concentration that was coincident with the onset of reactive hyperemia. A first-order tracer kinetic equation was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Among patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes, cardiac troponin T levels have prognostic value. However, there is concern that renal dysfunction may impair the prognostic value, because cardiac troponin T may be cleared by the kidney. METHODS We analyzed the outcomes in 7033 patients enrolled in the Global Use of Strategies to Open(More)
OBJECTIVES This study tested the hypotheses that endografts can be visualized and navigated in vivo solely under real-time magnetic resonance imaging (rtMRI) guidance to repair experimental abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in swine, and that MRI can provide immediate assessment of endograft apposition and aneurysm exclusion. BACKGROUND Endovascular repair(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that myocardial ischemic preconditioning and reperfusion injury may be mediated by adenosine A1 and A2 receptors. AMP579 is a mixed adenosine agonist with both A1 and A2 effects. In animal models of acute myocardial infarction (MI), AMP579 reduced infarct size at serum levels of 15 to 24 ng/mL. METHODS The AMP579 Delivery for(More)
BACKGROUND Real-time MR imaging (rtMRI) is now technically capable of guiding catheter-based cardiovascular interventions. Compared with x-ray, rtMRI offers superior tissue imaging in any orientation without ionizing radiation. Translation to clinical trials has awaited the availability of clinical-grade catheter devices that are both MRI visible and safe.(More)