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Standard grammar formalisms are defined without reflection of the incre-mental, serial and context-dependent nature of language processing; any incrementality must therefore be reflected by independently defined parsing and/or generation techniques, and context-dependence by separate pragmatic modules. This leads to a poor setup for modelling dialogue, with(More)
This paper explores the relation of grammaticality to acceptability through a discussion of the use of resumptive pronouns in spoken En-glish. It is argued that undergeneration by some grammar of observed linguistic phenomena such as these is as serious a problem for theoretical frameworks as overgeneration, and that it has consequences for the way in which(More)
The occurrence of split utterances (SUs) in dialogue raises many puzzles for grammar formalisms, from formal to pragmatic and even philosophical issues. This paper presents an account of some of the formal details that grammars need to incorporate in order to accommodate them. Using Dynamic Syntax (DS), we illustrate how by incorporating essential(More)
1 X-bar Theory One of the important tasks of a syntactic theory is to provide an account of the different dependency relations that hold between elements in a phrase. 1 In Dependency Grammar (following various traditional grammatical traditions (cf. Lyons 1968), there are two basic types: complement and adjunct (or modifier). The first defines an obligatory(More)
Ever since dialogue modelling first developed relative to broadly Gricean assumptions about utterance interpretation (Clark, 1996), it has remained an open question whether the full complexity of higher-order intention computation is made use of in everyday conversation. In this paper we examine the phenomenon of split utterances, from the perspective of(More)
Spencer (1991) and Sadler (1997) argue that there are two diierent phenomena that have been grouped together as`contracted auxiliaries'. On the one hand are the syllabic reduced auxiliaries that are unselective in what they attach to. On the other hand, there are nonsyllabic reduced auxiliaries that exhibit lexical idiosyncrasy, stem allomorphy, and(More)
Analyses of the so-called 'focus position' of Hungarian have been influential in the development of discourse-semantic and syntactic theories, but have generally failed to consider contextualised, naturally-occurring data, despite the discourse-related nature of the phenomenon. We re-address the semantics of this position, using data drawn from the(More)
In this paper we set out the preliminaries needed for a formal theory of context, relative to a linguistic framework in which natural-language syntax is defined as procedures for context-dependent interpretation. Dynamic Syntax provides a formalism where both representations of content and context are defined dynamically and structurally , with time-linear(More)
The characterisation of a grammar formalism for natural languages defined in terms of the process of time-linear tree growth for interpretation explains syntactic topic and focus effects at the left and right periphery as consequences of basic tree growth processes, much as Vallduvi 1991, but without positing any additional level of structural(More)