Ronna E Dornsife

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Benzimidazole nucleosides have been shown to be potent inhibitors of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication in vitro. As part of the exploration of structure-activity relationships within this series, we synthesized the 2-isopropylamino derivative (3322W93) of 1H-beta-D-ribofuranoside-2-bromo-5,6-dichlorobenzimidazole (BDCRB) and the biologically(More)
1592U89, (-)-(1S,4R)-4-[2-amino-6-(cyclopropylamino)-9H-purin-9-yl]-2-cyclo pentene-1-methanol, is a carbocyclic nucleoside with a unique biological profile giving potent, selective anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity. 1592U89 was selected after evaluation of a wide variety of analogs containing a cyclopentene substitution for the(More)
Patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus experienced severe hematopoietic toxicity after treatment with the deoxynucleoside analog 3'-fluorothymidine (FLT). Using several methods for the analysis of genome integrity, including histochemical staining of the 3' ends of DNA and both conventional and pulsed-field agarose gel electrophoresis, we(More)
Inhibition of in vitro colony formation of human hematopoietic progenitors (CFU-granulocyte-macrophage, burst-forming unit-erythroid) by the antiviral nucleoside drugs alovudine, zalcitabine, zidovudine, ganciclovir, stavudine, didanosine, lamivudine, and acyclovir was measured. Significant correlations between in vitro 50% inhibitory concentrations and the(More)
A series of 2'-deoxy analogues of the antiviral agent 5,6-dichloro-2-isopropylamino-1-(beta-L-ribofuranosyl)-1H-benzimidazole (1263W94) were synthesized and evaluated for activity against human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and for cytotoxicity. The 2-substituents in the benzimidazole moiety correspond to those that were used in the 1263W94 series. In general, as(More)
4(S)-(6-Amino-9H-purin-9-yl)tetrahydro-2(S)-furanmethanol (IsoddA) is the most antivirally active member of a novel class of optically active isomeric dideoxynucleosides in which the base has been transposed from the natural 1' position to the 2' position and the absolute configuration is (S,S). IsoddA was active against human immunodeficiency virus type 1(More)
The racemic isosteric phosphonate of ganciclovir monophosphate (BW2482U89, SR3745, [3-((2-amino-1,6-dihydro-6-oxo-9H-purin-9-yl)methoxy)-4- hydroxybutyl]phosphonic acid, 1) has potent and selective in vitro activity against human cytomegalovirus. An enantiospecific synthesis of the R-enantiomer of compound 1 starting from L-arabinose was developed. The(More)
The anti-hepatitis B (anti-HBV) activities of the (-) and (+) enantiomers of cis-5-fluoro-1-[2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl]cytosine (2'-deoxy-3'-thia-5-fluorocytosine [FTC]) were studied by using an HBV-transfected cell line (HepG2 derivative 2.2.15, subclone P5A). The (-) isomer was found to be a potent inhibitor of viral replication, with an(More)
During the development of indazolylpyrimidines as novel and potent inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-2 (VEGFR2) tyrosine kinase, we observed that some human tumour xenografts are more sensitive to VEGFR2 kinase inhibitors than others. A better understanding of the basis for this differential response may help to identify a(More)
The anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity and hemopoietic toxicity of zidovudine (AZT) and didanosine (dideoxyinosine;ddI), alone and in combination, were assessed in a variety of cell types. AZT was more potent than ddI as an inhibitor of HIV in vitro. Synergistic inhibition of HIV by the combination of these agents was observed in MT4 cells,(More)