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1. In this study we have tested the hypothesis that the mechanisms controlling stabilization of the head-neck motor system can vary with both the frequency and spatial orientation of an externally applied perturbation. Angular velocity of the head with respect to the trunk (neck) and myoelectric activity of two neck muscles (semispinalis capitis and(More)
STUDY DESIGN Descriptive study examining kinematic and electromyographic (EMG) patterns of the upper body during walking. OBJECTIVE To examine trunk, neck, and head movements to determine a mechanism for upper body stabilization during walking. BACKGROUND Dynamic balance of the upper body during walking provides a stable base for function of sensory(More)
Age-related adaptations during walking create a more stable walking pattern, which is less effective for forward progression and might be related to balance deficiencies. This study determined the relationship between walking stability and measures of balance in older adults. Seventeen older and 20 young adults performed the Berg Balance Test (BBT) and(More)
BACKGROUND Age-related declines in balance and walking ability are major risk factors for falls. Older adults reduce the dynamic components of walking in an effort to achieve a more stable walking pattern. Tae Kwon Do is an exercise that trains dynamic components of balance and walking that diminish with age. METHODS Twenty participants from a Tae Kwon Do(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Head stabilization in space provides a stable reference frame for visual and vestibular systems during locomotor tasks. The purpose of the present study was to examine upper body movement patterns used to maintain head stability in response to the increased challenge of stair ambulation. METHOD A repeated-measures study design was(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine adaptations in head stability resulting from altered gaze control and vision during over-ground walking. Using over-ground walking permitted adaptations in walking velocity and cadence that are otherwise not possible during treadmill walking or walking-in-place. Gaze control and vision were manipulated by having 20(More)
BACKGROUND Maintaining balance during dynamic activities is essential for preventing falls in older adults. Head stabilization contributes to dynamic balance, especially during the functional task of walking. Head stability and the role of vision in this process have not been studied during walking in older adults. METHODS Seventeen older adults (76.2 +/-(More)
Sex and gender differences have long been a research topic of interest, yet few studies have explored the specific differences in neurological responses between men and women during and after spaceflight. Knowledge in this field is limited due to the significant disproportion of sexes enrolled in the astronaut corps. Research indicates that general(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Head stability is the dynamic process of maintaining an equilibrium position of the head-in-space. Individuals with vestibular deficits restrict head movements during dynamic activities in an effort to adapt to vestibular loss. However, this strategy does not provide them with a successful means for adaptation during dynamic tasks(More)
A study was conducted to see whether a biomechanical model previously validated for predicting the lumbar spine internal loads imposed by the performance of easy and moderately strenuous physical tasks was also adequate for predicting loads imposed by heavy exertions. Lumbar trunk muscle myoelectric activities were measured in 10 healthy young adult men(More)