Ronita L Cromwell

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1. In this study we have tested the hypothesis that the mechanisms controlling stabilization of the head-neck motor system can vary with both the frequency and spatial orientation of an externally applied perturbation. Angular velocity of the head with respect to the trunk (neck) and myoelectric activity of two neck muscles (semispinalis capitis and(More)
STUDY DESIGN Descriptive study examining kinematic and electromyographic (EMG) patterns of the upper body during walking. OBJECTIVE To examine trunk, neck, and head movements to determine a mechanism for upper body stabilization during walking. BACKGROUND Dynamic balance of the upper body during walking provides a stable base for function of sensory(More)
BACKGROUND Age-related declines in balance and walking ability are major risk factors for falls. Older adults reduce the dynamic components of walking in an effort to achieve a more stable walking pattern. Tae Kwon Do is an exercise that trains dynamic components of balance and walking that diminish with age. METHODS Twenty participants from a Tae Kwon Do(More)
The goal of this study was to determine if prolonged exposure to perceptual-motor mismatch increased adaptability and retention of balance in older adults. Sixteen adults, aged 66 to 81 years, were randomized to one of two groups: either the control group (n=8) or the experimental group (n=8). Both groups first completed six trials of walking an obstacle(More)
Age-related adaptations during walking create a more stable walking pattern, which is less effective for forward progression and might be related to balance deficiencies. This study determined the relationship between walking stability and measures of balance in older adults. Seventeen older and 20 young adults performed the Berg Balance Test (BBT) and(More)
Frequency characteristics of head stabilization were examined during locomotor tasks in healthy young adults(N = 8) who performed normal walking and 3 walking tasks designed to produce perturbations primarily in the horizontal plane. In the 3 walking tasks, the arms moved in phase with leg movement, with abnormally large amplitude, and at twice the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Head stabilization in space provides a stable reference frame for visual and vestibular systems during locomotor tasks. The purpose of the present study was to examine upper body movement patterns used to maintain head stability in response to the increased challenge of stair ambulation. METHOD A repeated-measures study design was(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine adaptations in head stability resulting from altered gaze control and vision during over-ground walking. Using over-ground walking permitted adaptations in walking velocity and cadence that are otherwise not possible during treadmill walking or walking-in-place. Gaze control and vision were manipulated by having 20(More)
The purposes of this study were to 1) characterize head stabilization in older adults across the frequency spectrum of walking, and 2) assess the ability of older adults to adapt head-trunk coordination to maintain head stability in the absence of vision. Sagittal plane head and trunk angular velocities in space were measured for 17 healthy older adults(More)
BACKGROUND Maintaining balance during dynamic activities is essential for preventing falls in older adults. Head stabilization contributes to dynamic balance, especially during the functional task of walking. Head stability and the role of vision in this process have not been studied during walking in older adults. METHODS Seventeen older adults (76.2 +/-(More)