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Treatment of SKBr3 cells with benzoquinone ansamycins, such as geldanamycin (GA), depletes p185erbB2, the receptor tyrosine kinase encoded by the erbB2 gene. In the same cells, a biologically active benzoquinone photoaffinity label specifically binds a protein of about 100 kDa, and the ability of various GA derivatives to reduce the intracellular level of(More)
Aggregates of charged amphiphilic molecules have been found to access a structure at elevated temperature that templates alignment of supramolecular fibrils over macroscopic scales. The thermal pathway leads to a lamellar plaque structure with fibrous texture that breaks on cooling into large arrays of aligned nanoscale fibres and forms a strongly(More)
We report here on a bioactive hierarchically structured membrane formed by self-assembly. The membrane is formed with hyaluronic acid and peptide amphiphiles with binding affinity for heparin, and its hierarchical structure contains both an amorphous zone and a layer of fibrils oriented perpendicular to the membrane plane. The design of bioactivity is based(More)
Understanding and mimicking the hierarchical structure of mineralized tissue is a challenge in the field of biomineralization and is important for the development of scaffolds to guide bone regeneration. Bone is a remarkable tissue with an organic matrix comprised of aligned collagen bundles embedded with nanometer-sized inorganic hydroxyapatite (HAP)(More)
Peptide self-assembly has been shown to be a useful tool for the preparation of bioactive nanostructures, and recent work has demonstrated their potential as therapies for regenerative medicine. In principle, one route to make these nanostructures more biomimetic would be to incorporate in their molecular design the capacity for biological sensing. We(More)
Peptide nucleic acid amphiphiles (PNAA) are a promising set of materials for sequence-specific separation of nucleic acids from complex mixtures. To implement PNAA in micellar separations, the morphology and size of PNAA micelles in the presence and absence of a sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) cosurfactant have been studied by small-angle X-ray scattering and(More)
Self-assembly programmed by molecular structure and guided dynamically by energy dissipation is a ubiquitous phenomenon in biological systems that build functional structures from the nanoscale to macroscopic dimensions. This paper describes examples of one-dimensional self-assembly of peptide amphiphiles and the consequent biological functions that emerge(More)
High aspect ratio peptide nanofibers have potential as biodegradable vehicles for drug delivery. We report here the synthesis of four self-assembling peptide amphiphiles (PAs) containing a lysine ε-amine-derivatized hydrazide that was systematically placed at different positions along the backbone of the peptide sequence C(16)V(2)A(2)E(2) (where C(16) =(More)
Peptide amphiphiles combine the specific functionality of proteins with the engineering convenience of synthetic amphiphiles. These molecules covalently link a peptide headgroup, typically from an active fragment of a larger protein, to a hydrophobic alkyl tail. Our research is aimed at forming and characterizing covalently stabilized, self-assembled,(More)