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Studies of perceptual learning consistently found that improvement is stimulus specific. These findings were interpreted as indicating an early cortical learning site. In line with this interpretation, we consider two alternative hypotheses: the 'earliest modification' and the 'output-level modification' assumptions, which respectively assume that learning(More)
1. The electrophysiological properties of motoneurones in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus in the guinea-pig were studied at different times following cervical vagotomy. The results were compared both to normal neurones and to results obtained at the same time from intact neurones located in the contralateral nucleus. 2. The input resistances of(More)
Cells in the dorsal motor vagal nucleus (DMVN) of the adult guinea pig were counted at different times after unilateral cervical section of the vagus nerve. The counts were made from serial 30 microns coronal sections throughout the DMVN in normal and operated animals. There are three types of cells in the DMVN of guinea pig: medium-sized motoneurons that(More)
Practicing simple visual tasks induces substantial improvement. We investigated whether increased efficiency is accompanied by automaticity and immunity to across-task interference. We found that although practice speeds orientation feature detection, it does not abolish susceptibility to interference from introduction of concurrent central-letter(More)
We have studied the on-transient of the receptor potential of the barnacle photoreceptor. Its amplitude has previously been shown to depend on light intensity and state of light-dark adaptation. We have examined its dependence on 1) the presence of a prolonged depolarizing afterpotential (PDA), 2) a background light, 3) added alcohol, or 4) decreased K+(More)
Dissociated neurones from rat basal forebrain and hippocampus were co-cultured in vitro for 8-15 days. Patch-clamp recordings from individual presumed hippocampal pyramidal cells revealed synaptic currents following focal extracellular stimulation of single presumed basal forebrain neurones. Of 18 neurone pairs, 13 showed inward (excitatory) synaptic(More)
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