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The epidermis is confronted with multiple environmental and pathophysiological stresses. This study shows that TNFα, oxidative stress, hyperosmotic and heat shock induced both caspase-dependent and independent cell death in human HaCaT keratinocytes. The hormonal form of vitamin D, 1,25(OH)2D3, which is an autocrine hormone in the epidermis, protected the(More)
To investigate the role of the leader peptide in modulating secretion from living cells, we injected a synthetic peptide into Xenopus oocytes. The peptide consisted of the NH2-terminal leader sequence of mouse immunoglobulin light chain precursor. We found that the leader peptide has two different roles in regulating secretion from the oocytes. First, it(More)
Protein serine/threonine phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a multifunctional enzyme whose trimeric form consists of a scaffolding A subunit, a catalytic C subunit, and one of several regulatory B subunits (B, B', and B''). The adenovirus E4orf4 protein associates with PP2A by directly binding the B or B' subunits. An interaction with an active PP2A containing the B(More)
Considerable advances have been made in recent years in our understanding of the biochemistry of protein and nucleic acid synthesis and, particularly, the molecular biology of gene expression in eukaryotes. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and to a lesser extent Schizosaccharomyces pombe, has had a preeminent role as a focus for these studies,(More)
OBJECTIVES Treatment failure is multifactorial. Despite the importance of host cell drug transporters and metabolizing enzymes in the accumulation, distribution and metabolism of drugs targeting intracellular pathogens, their impact on the efficacy of antileishmanials is unknown. We examined the contribution of pharmacologically relevant determinants in(More)
Adenovirus E4orf4 (early region 4 open reading frame 4) protein induces protein phosphatase 2A-dependent non-classical apoptosis in mammalian cells and irreversible growth arrest in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Oncogenic transformation sensitizes cells to E4orf4-induced cell death. To uncover additional components of the E4orf4 network required for induction(More)
We have isolated a 10.2-kb fragment of yeast DNA from a genomic library of recombinant centromeric YCp50 plasmids, which complements a mutation in the PHO4 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The identity of the PHO4 gene on this plasmid was established by integration of a subfragment into the PHO4 region of the yeast chromosome. Analysis of a series of(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the feasibility of targeting Leishmania transporters via appropriately designed chemical probes. Leishmania donovani, the parasite that causes visceral leishmaniasis, is auxotrophic for arginine and lysine and has specific transporters (LdAAP3 and LdAAP7) to import these nutrients. Probes 1-15 were originated(More)