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MRP1 (or ABCC1) is an ABC membrane protein that transports a wide range of natural products as well as glutathione (GSH)-, glucuronate-, and sulfate-conjugated metabolites. In addition, free GSH is required for MRP1 to transport several chemotherapeutic drugs. However, the mechanisms regulating the influence of GSH on MRP1 is poorly understood, and the(More)
The Candida albicans CDR1 and CDR2 genes code for highly homologous ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters which are overexpressed in azole-resistant clinical isolates and which confer resistance to multiple drugs by actively transporting their substrates out of the cells. These transporters are formed by two homologous halves, each with an intracellular(More)
MRP1 is an ABC (or ATP binding cassette) membrane transport protein shown to confer resistance to structurally dissimilar drugs. Studies of MRP1 topology suggested the presence of a hydrophobic N-domain with five potential membrane-spanning domains linked to an MDR1-like core (MSD1-NBD1-L1-MSD2-NBD2) by an intracellular linker domain (L0). MRP1-mediated(More)
Overexpression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1) causes multidrug resistance in cultured cells. MRP1 transports a large number of glutathione, glucuronide, and sulfate-conjugated organic anions by an ATP-dependent efflux mechanism. Six other MRP proteins exist (MRP2-7), and mutations in some of these genes cause major pathological(More)
Tumor cells overcome cytotoxic drug pressure by the overexpression of either or both transmembrane proteins, the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and the multidrug resistance protein (MRP). The MRP has been shown to mediate the transport of cytotoxic natural products, in addition to glutathione-, glucuronidate-, and sulfate-conjugated cell metabolites. However, the(More)
The mechanisms of MRP1-drug binding and transport are not clear. In this study, we have characterized the interaction between MRP1 and rhodamine 123 (Rh123) using the photoreactive-iodinated analogue, [(125)I]iodoaryl azido-rhodamine 123 (or IAARh123). Photoaffinity labeling of plasma membranes from HeLa cells transfected with MRP1 cDNA (HeLa-MRP1) with(More)
Mutations in the MRP gene family member MRP6 cause pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) in humans, a disease affecting elasticity of connective tissues. The normal function of MRP6, including its physiological substrate(s), remains unknown. To address these issues, recombinant rat Mrp6 (rMrp6) was expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. The protein(More)
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