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—This paper aimed at the case of nonisothermal pixels and proposed a daytime temperature-independent spectral indices (TISI) method to retrieve directional emissivity and effective temperature from daytime multiangular observed images in both middle and thermal infrared (MIR and TIR) channels by combining the kernel-driven bidirectional reflectance(More)
The radiometric performance of remotely-sensed images is important for the applications of such data in monitoring land surface, ocean and atmospheric status. One requirement placed on the Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) onboard Landsat 8 was that the noise-equivalent change in temperature (NEΔT) should be ≤0.4 K at 300 K for its two thermal infrared bands.(More)
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) designates the spectral range of solar radiation from 400 to 700 nanometers that photosynthetic organisms are able to use in the process of photosynthesis. The Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR) is the fraction of the incoming solar radiation in the Photosynthetically Active Radiation(More)
—Accurate spectral calibration of the in-flight sensors is crucial for processing and exploration of remotely sensed data. This paper developed a strategy to make spectral recalibration (i.e., spectral response function, central wavelength, and band-width) for in-flight broadband sensor using a device-responsivity-decomposition model with a priori knowledge(More)
Multi-angular observation of land surface thermal radiation is considered to be a promising method of performing the angular normalization of land surface temperature (LST) retrieved from remote sensing data. This paper focuses on an investigation of the minimum requirements of viewing angles to perform such normalizations on LST. The normally kernel-driven(More)
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