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One major challenge in biofuel production, including biobutanol production, is the low tolerance of the microbial host towards increasing biofuel concentration during fermentation. Here, we have demonstrated that Escherichia coli 1-butanol tolerance can be greatly enhanced through random mutagenesis of global transcription factor cyclic AMP receptor protein(More)
The presence of acetate exceeding 5 g/L is a major concern during E. coli fermentation due to its inhibitory effect on cell growth, thereby limiting high-density cell culture and recombinant protein production. Hence, engineered E. coli strains with enhanced acetate tolerance would be valuable for these bioprocesses. In this work, the acetate tolerance of(More)
AIMS Cannabidiol (CBD), one of the major constituents in marijuana, has been shown to be extensively metabolized by experimental animals and humans. However, human hepatic enzymes responsible for the CBD metabolism remain to be elucidated. In this study, we examined in vitro metabolism of CBD with human liver microsomes (HLMs) to clarify cytochrome P450(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), which consist of α and β subunits, are transcription factors involved in regulation of a variety of cellular functions. By blocking the function of the tumor suppressor p53, over-expressions of HIFs are linked to carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Inorganic arsenic, a ubiquitous environmental contaminant, is associated(More)
Exposure of humans to inorganic arsenic can cause skin cancer. The epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and acquisition of cancer stem cell (CSC)-like properties are essential steps in the initiation of human skin cancers; however, the mechanisms of action remain obscure. We have found that, during the neoplastic transformation induced by a low(More)
Oxidative damage to microbial hosts often occurs under stressful conditions during bioprocessing. Classical strain engineering approaches are usually both time-consuming and labor intensive. Here, we aim to improve E. coli performance under oxidative stress via engineering its global regulator cAMP receptor protein (CRP), which can directly or indirectly(More)
A major challenge in bioethanol fermentation is the low tolerance of the microbial host towards the end product bioethanol. Here we report to improve the ethanol tolerance of E. coli from the transcriptional level by engineering its global transcription factor cAMP receptor protein (CRP), which is known to regulate over 400 genes in E. coli. Three ethanol(More)
Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) is an ubiquitous facultative anaerobic bacterium, and its growth in aerobic environment correlates to the functions of its oxygen defense system. Water-forming NADH oxidase (nox-2) can catalyze the conversion of oxygen to water with concomitant NADH oxidation in anaerobic microorganisms. Here, we report the cloning and(More)
Nicotinamide cofactor-dependent oxidoreductases have been widely employed during the bioproduction of varieties of useful compounds. Efficient cofactor regeneration is often required for these biotransformation reactions. Herein, we report the synthesis of an important pharmaceutical intermediate 4-hydroxy-2-butanone (4H2B) via an immobilized in situ(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the functions of miR-21 and the roles of two feedback regulation loops, miR-21-Spry1-ERK/NF-κB and miR-21-Pdcd4-JNK/c-Jun, in arsenite-transformed human embryo lung fibroblast (HELF) cells. METHODS For arsenite-transformed HELF cells, apoptosis, clonogenicity, and capacity for migration were determined by Hoechst staining,(More)