Rongping Zeng

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Respiratory motion remains a significant source of errors in treatment planning for the thorax and upper abdomen. Recently, we proposed a method to estimate two-dimensional (2-D) object motion from a sequence of slowly rotating X-ray projection views, which we called deformation from orbiting views (DOVs). In this method, we model the motion as a time(More)
Understanding the movement of tumors caused by respiratory motion is very important for conformal radiatherapy. However, respiratory motion is very difficult to study by conventional x-ray CT imaging since object motion causes inconsistent projection views, leading to artifacts in reconstructed images. We propose to estimate the parameters of a nonrigid,(More)
A number of interrelated factors can affect the precision and accuracy of lung nodule size estimation. To quantify the effect of these factors, we have been conducting phantom CT studies using an anthropomorphic thoracic phantom containing a vasculature insert to which synthetic nodules were inserted or attached. Ten repeat scans were acquired on different(More)
Current four-dimensional (4D) computed tomography (CT) imaging techniques using multislice CT scanners require retrospective sorting of the reconstructed two-dimensional (2D) CT images. Most existing sorting methods depend on externally monitored breathing signals recorded by extra instruments. External signals may not always accurately capture the(More)
This work is a part of our more general effort to probe the interrelated factors impacting the accuracy and precision of lung nodule measurement tasks. For such a task a low-bias size estimator is needed so that the true effect of factors such as acquisition and reconstruction parameters, nodule characteristics and others can be assessed. Towards this goal,(More)
Geometric uncertainties caused by respiratory motion complicate radiotherapy treatment planning. Therefore 4D CT imaging is important in characterizing anatomy motion during breathing. Current 4D CT imaging techniques using multi-slice CT scanners involve multiple scans at several axial positions and retrospective sorting processes. Most sorting methods are(More)
The availability of large medical image datasets is critical in many applications, such as training and testing of computer-aided diagnosis systems, evaluation of segmentation algorithms, and conducting perceptual studies. However, collection of data and establishment of ground truth for medical images are both costly and difficult. To address this problem,(More)
Fisher information provides a bound on the variance of any unbiased estimate for estimation tasks involving nonrandom parameters. In addition, a Fisher information approximation for ideal-observer detectability has been derived. We adopt and generalize such an approximation to establish a method to assess a system's ability to detect small changes in lesion(More)