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We investigated the effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation on the recovery of neurological functions in rat's MCAO (middle cerebral artery occlusion) model and its mechanism. MSCs were isolated from bone marrow of male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. Female adult SD rats were randomly assigned into 4 groups: sham-operated(More)
BACKGROUND Transplantation with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) improves the survival of neurons and axonal outgrowth after stroke remains undetermined. Here, we investigated whether PI3K/AKT signaling pathway is involved in these therapeutic effects of BMSCs. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS (1) BMSCs and cortical neurons were derived(More)
IL-10, as a cytokine, has an anti-inflammatory cascade following various injuries, but it remains blurred whether IL-10 protects neurites of cortical neurons after oxygen-glucose deprivation injury. Here, we reported that IL-10, in a concentration-dependent manner, reduced neuronal apoptosis and increased neuronal survival in oxygen-glucose-deprived primary(More)
We have previously shown that Ang II induces mesangial cell (MC) proliferation via JNK-AP-1 pathway. The present study attempted to determine the upstream mediators of the JNK activation with emphasis on reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). In cultured human mesangial cells (HMCs), Ang II time-dependently increased(More)
OBJECTIVE Monocytes/macrophages, proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines are important in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis. Interleukin (IL) -13 has been shown to exert potent anti-inflammatory properties. This study was designed to investigate the effect of IL-13 on the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines and profibrogenic cytokines(More)
As a classic immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10 (IL-10) provides neuroprotection in cerebral ischemia in vivo or oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced injury in vitro. However, it remains blurred whether IL-10 promotes neurite outgrowth and synapse formation in cultured primary cortical neurons after OGD injury. In order to(More)
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