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Performance evaluations of health services providers burgeons. Similarly, analyzing spatially related health information, ranking teachers and schools, and identification of differentially expressed genes are increasing in prevalence and importance. Goals include valid and efficient ranking of units for profiling and league tables, identification of(More)
Transmitted HIV-1 clade B or C R5 viruses have been reported to infect macrophages inefficiently, while other studies have described R5 viruses in late disease with either an enhanced macrophage-tropism or carrying envelopes with an increased positive charge and fitness. In contrast, our previous data suggested that viruses carrying non-macrophage-tropic R5(More)
Web service selection technology based on quality of service (QoS) has been a research focus for a while. Current researchers are trying to find a service selection solution for single user to get the optimal QoS utility value. However, there is a condition in which multiple users may raise their requests with same functional requirements. These requests(More)
Provider profiling (ranking/percentiling) is prevalent in health services research. Bayesian models coupled with optimizing a loss function provide an effective framework for computing non-standard inferences such as ranks. Inferences depend on the posterior distribution and should be guided by inferential goals. However, even optimal methods might not lead(More)
Because of the elastic service capability of cloud computing platform, more and more applications are moved here, which makes efficient load balancing into a bottleneck. Considering the unique features of long-connectivity applications which are increasingly popular nowadays, an improved algorithm is proposed based on the weighted least connection(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid and cost-effective methods for HIV-1 diagnosis and viral load monitoring would greatly enhance the clinical management of HIV-1 infected adults and children in limited-resource settings. Recent recommendations to treat perinatally infected infants within the first year of life are feasible only if early diagnosis is routinely available.(More)
Performance evaluations often aim to achieve goals such as obtaining estimates of unit-specific means, ranks, and the distribution of unit-specific parameters. The Bayesian approach provides a powerful way to structure models for achieving these goals. While no single estimate can be optimal for achieving all three inferential goals, the communication and(More)
We propose a mixture modelling framework for both identifying and exploring the nature of genotype-trait associations. This framework extends the classical mixed effects modelling approach for this setting by incorporating a Gaussian mixture distribution for random genotype effects. The primary advantages of this paradigm over existing approaches include(More)
HIV-1 variants carrying non-macrophage-tropic HIV-1 R5 envelopes (Envs) are predominantly transmitted and persist in immune tissue even in AIDS patients who have highly macrophage-tropic variants in the brain. Non-macrophage-tropic R5 Envs require high levels of CD4 for infection contrasting with macrophage-tropic Envs, which can efficiently mediate(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, microarray data analyses using functional pathway information, e.g., gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and significance analysis of function and expression (SAFE), have gained recognition as a way to identify biological pathways/processes associated with a phenotypic endpoint. In these analyses, a local statistic is used to assess the(More)