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Wounding- and herbivore-inducible proteins are potential resources to enhance the resistance to insect pests in transgenic plants. In order to analyze the effects of four such highly inducible genes of Populus, two genes encoding trypsin inhibitors (PtdKTI5 from hybrid poplar, Populus trichocarpa × P. deltoides and PtKTI2 from trembling aspen, Populus(More)
Four highly inducible genes of poplar trees, PtdKTI5, PtdWIN4, PtdPOP3 from hybrid poplar (Populus trichocarpa × P. deltoides) and PtKTI2 from trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) have been individually transformed into Arabidopsis thaliana for overexpression. High transcriptional level of each transgene in transgenic Arabidopsis lines was confirmed(More)
The basal forebrain cholinergic system (BFCS) robustly modulates many important behaviors, such as arousal, attention, learning and memory, through heavy projections to cortex and hippocampus. However, the presynaptic partners governing BFCS activity still remain poorly understood. Here, we utilized a recently developed rabies virus-based cell-type-specific(More)
The aim of this work was to establish a method for preparing stable and controllable solid self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (S-SMEDDS) by spherical crystallization technique, which was explored for promoting the dissolution, oral bioavailability, and process efficiency. Solubility test, preparation of liquid self-microemulsifying drug delivery(More)
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