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The effect of bioaugmentation with an acetate-type fermentation bacterium in the phylum Bacteroidetes on the anaerobic digestion of corn straw was evaluated by batch experiments. Acetobacteroides hydrogenigenes is a promising strain for bioaugmentation with relatively high growth rate, hydrogen yields and acetate tolerance, which ferments a broad spectrum(More)
Thermophilic microaerobic pretreatment (TMP) has been proved to be an alternative pretreatment method during anaerobic digestion (AD) of corn straw. In this study, in order to improve the fermentation efficiency during late AD stage, improve the methane yield and volatile solid (VS) removal efficiency, a secondary thermophilic microaerobic treatment (STMT)(More)
Thermophilic microaerobic pretreatment (TMP) was recently reported as an efficient pretreatment method of anaerobic digestion (AD). In this study, the chemical properties and microbial community were characterized to reveal how TMP working. Compared with thermophilic treatment under anaerobic condition (TMP0), cellulase activity obviously improved under(More)
Microaerobic process has been proven to be an alternative pretreatment for the anaerobic digestion (AD) process in several studies. In this study, the effect of thermophilic microaerobic pretreatment (TMP) on the AD of corn straw was investigated. Results indicated that TMP process obviously improved the methane yield. The maximum methane yield was obtained(More)
A mesophilic, obligately anaerobic, propionate-producing fermentative bacterium, designated strain NM7T, was isolated from rural rice paddy field. Cells of strain NM7T are Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, short rods, and negative for catalase. The strain grew optimally at 37 °C (the range for growth 15–40 °C) and pH 7.0 (pH 5.0–7.5). The strain(More)
The sustained production of H(2) by Chlorella pyrenoidosa was achieved without sulfur deficiency or PSII inhibition. C. pyrenoidosa preserved hydrogenase activity for several hours in the dark. Hydrogenase activity in vitro is O(2) sensitive, which indicates that respiration may play an important role in H(2) production. A sustainable production of H(2) was(More)
An anaerobic, spore-forming, ethanol-hydrogen-coproducing bacterium, designated LX-BT, was isolated from an anaerobic sludge treating herbicide wastewater. Cells of strain LX-BT were non-motile rods (0.3-0.5×3.0-18.0 µm). Spores were terminal with a bulged sporangium. Growth occurred at 20-50 °C (optimum 37-45 °C), pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum pH 6.0-7.7) and 0-2.5%(More)
A system containing a sequential anode–cathode configuration microbial fuel cell and a photobioreactor was developed for continuous treatment of wastewater and electricity generation. Wastewater was treated by the fuel cell to decrease the chemical oxygen demand (COD), phosphorus and nitrogen and to produce electricity. The effluent from the cathode(More)
A 16S rRNA gene-based method was used to characterize the structure of bacterial and archaeal communities in a full-scale, anaerobic reactor treating corn straw. Degradability experiment indicated biogas slurry had high microbial activity, the TS removal rate was 53% and the specific methanogenic activity was 86 mL CH4 g VSS(-1) d(-1). During anaerobic(More)
A mesophilic, obligately anaerobic, carbohydrate-fermenting bacterium, designated 8KG-4(T), was isolated from an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor treating high-strength organic wastewater from salted vegetable production processes. Cells of strain 8KG-4(T) were non-motile, spherical and 0.7-1.5 µm in diameter (mean, 1.0 µm). Spore formation was not(More)