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Potential for interspecies hydrogen transfer within paddy soil enrichments obtained via addition of magnetite nanoparticles and ethanol (named as PEM) was investigated. To do this, PEM derived from rice field of Hangzhou (named as PEM-HZ) was employed, because it offered the best methane production performance. Methane production and Fe (III) reduction(More)
Thermophilic microaerobic pretreatment (TMP) has been proved to be an alternative pretreatment method during anaerobic digestion (AD) of corn straw. In this study, in order to improve the fermentation efficiency during late AD stage, improve the methane yield and volatile solid (VS) removal efficiency, a secondary thermophilic microaerobic treatment (STMT)(More)
Thermophilic microaerobic pretreatment (TMP) was recently reported as an efficient pretreatment method of anaerobic digestion (AD). In this study, the chemical properties and microbial community were characterized to reveal how TMP working. Compared with thermophilic treatment under anaerobic condition (TMP0), cellulase activity obviously improved under(More)
Microaerobic process has been proven to be an alternative pretreatment for the anaerobic digestion (AD) process in several studies. In this study, the effect of thermophilic microaerobic pretreatment (TMP) on the AD of corn straw was investigated. Results indicated that TMP process obviously improved the methane yield. The maximum methane yield was obtained(More)
A mesophilic, obligately anaerobic, carbohydrate-fermenting bacterium, designated 8KG-4(T), was isolated from an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor treating high-strength organic wastewater from salted vegetable production processes. Cells of strain 8KG-4(T) were non-motile, spherical and 0.7-1.5 µm in diameter (mean, 1.0 µm). Spore formation was not(More)
A 16S rRNA gene-based method was used to characterize the structure of bacterial and archaeal communities in a full-scale, anaerobic reactor treating corn straw. Degradability experiment indicated biogas slurry had high microbial activity, the TS removal rate was 53% and the specific methanogenic activity was 86 mL CH4 g VSS(-1) d(-1). During anaerobic(More)
A system containing a sequential anode–cathode configuration microbial fuel cell and a photobioreactor was developed for continuous treatment of wastewater and electricity generation. Wastewater was treated by the fuel cell to decrease the chemical oxygen demand (COD), phosphorus and nitrogen and to produce electricity. The effluent from the cathode(More)
The sustained production of H2 by Chlorella pyrenoidosa was achieved without sulfur deficiency or PSII inhibition. C. pyrenoidosa preserved hydrogenase activity for several hours in the dark. Hydrogenase activity in vitro is O2 sensitive, which indicates that respiration may play an important role in H2 production. A sustainable production of H2 was(More)
Using batch and repeated batch cultivations, this study investigated the effects of bioaugmentation with enriched microbial consortia (named as EMC) on methane production from effluents of hydrogen-producing stage of potato slurry, as well as on the indigenous bacterial community. The results demonstrated that the improved methane production and shift of(More)
The effect of bioaugmentation with an acetate-type fermentation bacterium in the phylum Bacteroidetes on the anaerobic digestion of corn straw was evaluated by batch experiments. Acetobacteroides hydrogenigenes is a promising strain for bioaugmentation with relatively high growth rate, hydrogen yields and acetate tolerance, which ferments a broad spectrum(More)