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Understanding the alterations of migratory activities of the endogenous neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPs) in injured developing brains is becoming increasingly imperative for curative reasons. In this study, 10-day-old neonatal rats with and without hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult at postnatal day 7 were injected intraventricularly with micron-sized iron(More)
BACKGROUND Mass spectrometry (MS) based label-free protein quantitation has mainly focused on analysis of ion peak heights and peptide spectral counts. Most analyses of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) data begin with an enzymatic digestion of a complex protein mixture to generate smaller peptides that can be separated and identified by an MS/MS instrument.(More)
PSG076 is a pollen-specific gene isolated from wheat. The 1.4-kb promoter upstream of the ATG start codon was isolated by inverse-PCR (IPCR). To determine its activity, the PSG076 promoter was fused with the β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene and introduced into tobacco. Histochemical analysis in transgenic tobacco showed that GUS activity was detected in(More)
Intrusion detection and response research has so far mostly concentrated on known and well-defined attacks. We believe that this narrow focus of attacks accounts for both the successes and limitation of commercial intrusion detection systems (IDS). Intrusion tolerance, on the other hand, is inherently tied to functions and services that require protection.(More)
To identify the molecular mechanism underlying improved spatial learning ability of C57/BL mice on a caloric restricted (CR) diet. Seven-week-old male C57/BL mice were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group (NC group, n = 10), high energy group (n = 10), and low energy group (CR group, n = 10). Body mass and levels of blood glucose were(More)
BACKGROUND Perturbation of DNA methylation is frequent in cancers and has emerged as an important mechanism involved in tumorigenesis. To determine how DNA methylation is modified in the genome of primary glioma, we used Methyl-DNA immunoprecipitation (MeDIP) and Nimblegen CpG promoter microarrays to identify differentially DNA methylation sequences between(More)
Amyloid precursor protein 17-mer peptide (APP 17-mer peptide) is an active fragment of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the nervous system that mediates various neuronal activities and functions. Estrogen deprivation during menopause disproportionately increases the risk of many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Currently,(More)
Bacterial virulence and antibiotic resistance have a significant influence on disease severity and treatment options during bacterial infections. Frequently, the underlying genetic determinants are encoded on mobile genetic elements (MGEs). In the leading human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus, MGEs that contain antibiotic resistance genes commonly do not(More)
MOTIVATION Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) offers fast and reliable characterization of complex protein mixtures, but suffers from low sensitivity in protein identification. In a typical shotgun proteomics experiment, it is assumed that all proteins are equally likely to be present. However, there is often other information available, e.g. the probability(More)
Staphylococcus epidermidis is a leading nosocomial pathogen. In contrast to its more aggressive relative S. aureus, it causes chronic rather than acute infections. In highly virulent S. aureus, phenol-soluble modulins (PSMs) contribute significantly to immune evasion and aggressive virulence by their strong ability to lyse human neutrophils. Members of the(More)