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Four new cycloartane triterpenoids, angustific acid A (1), angustific acid B (2), angustifodilactone A (3) and angustifodilactone B (4) were isolated from the branches of Kadsura angustifolia together with six known compounds, micranoic acid B (5), nigranoic acid (6), schisandrin (7), schisantherin D (8), interiotherin B (9), schisantherin B (10). Their(More)
The microbiological transformation of the triterpene nigranoic acid (3,4-secocycloarta-4(28),24(Z)-diene-3,26-dioic acid) (1) to 3,4-secocycloarta-4(28),17(20),24(Z)-triene-7β-hydroxy-16β,26-lactone-3-oic acid (2) and 3,4-secocycloarta-4(28),17(20)(Z),24(Z)-triene-7β-hydroxy-16β-methoxy-3,26-dioic acid (3) by the freshwater fungus Dictyosporium heptasporum(More)
We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the role of (18)FDG-PET/CT for detection of regional nodal metastasis in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Studies about (18)FDG-PET/CT were systematically searched in the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases. The Stata software was used to obtain pooled estimates of sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system with a probable immune-mediated pathogenesis. Strong evidence supports the hypothesis that MS is determined by genetic and environmental factors, but these factors remain largely undefined. The genetic component is suggested by a higher concordance rate in(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy (ERAT) is a new procedure for the treatment of acute uncomplicated appendicitis. The aim of the study was to review the clinical outcomes of ERAT and further examine its effectiveness and safety. METHODS The study was performed on patients who underwent ERAT for acute uncomplicated appendicitis at(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) appear to play a role in the pathogenesis of allergic disease. However, no animal models have been reported to show nasal allergic inflammation by repeated inhalation with staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) in the absence of adjuvant. This study was designed to determine whether intranasal instillation of guinea(More)
Paeoniflorin (PF), a monoterpene glycoside isolated from the aqueous extract of Radix Paeoniae Alba, is widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we investigated the protective mechanism of PF on glutamate-induced(More)
We experimentally demonstrate the optical transmission at 1550 nm of the fundamental slot modes (quasi-TM modes) in horizontal single and multiple slot waveguides and ring resonators consisting of deposited amorphous silicon and silicon dioxide. We demonstrate that the horizontal multiple slot configuration provides enhanced optical confinement in low index(More)