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IL-33, a cytokine of the IL-1 family, is closely associated with type II T cell responses. Here, we report an unexpected proinflammatory role of IL-33 in inflammatory arthritis. IL-33 was expressed in synovial fibroblasts from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Expression was markedly elevated in vitro by inflammatory cytokines. Mice lacking ST2, the(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a T-cell-mediated systemic autoimmune disease, characterized by synovium inflammation and articular destruction. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be effective in the treatment of several autoimmune diseases. However, there has been thus far no report on umbilical cord (UC)-MSCs in the treatment of RA.(More)
OBJECTIVES Hyperplasia of synovial fibroblasts, infiltration with lymphocytes and tissue hypoxia are major characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Extensive data support a key role for toll-like receptors (TLRs) in RA. Little is known regarding the impact of hypoxia on TLR-induced inflammation in RA. The aim of this study was to reveal the effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is a novel cytokine involved in joint inflammation in animal models. We analyzed the expression of IL-33 in the serum and synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and investigated its possible pathophysiological importance. METHODS The concentration of IL-33 was measured by ELISA in the serum of 223(More)
Gambogic acid (GA), the natural compound extracted from gamboges, has recently been established as a potent anti-tumor agent. Although it was proved that GA enhances p53 protein level through inhibition of MDM2 in p53 wild-type cancer cells, the mechanisms of MDM2 inhibition especially with the absence of p53 are not fully understood. Herein we further(More)
Disturbing mitotic progression via targeted anti-mitotic therapy is an attractive strategy for cancer treatment. Therefore, the exploration and elucidation of molecular targets and pathways in mitosis are critical for the development of anti-mitotic drugs. Here, we show that cell division cycle 5-like (Cdc5L), a pre-mRNA splicing factor, is a regulator of(More)
Endostar, a novel recombinant human endostatin expressed and purified in Escherichia coli with an additional nine-amino acid sequence forming another his-tag structure, was approved by the State Food and Drug Administration of China (SFDA) in 2005 for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of its potent anticancer(More)
INTRODUCTION Interleukin (IL)-33 is a proinflammatory cytokine contributing to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The gene encoding IL-33 may serve as a genetic factor and be associated with the risk of RA. To investigate the potential association between IL33 and RA, we performed a case-control study based on Chinese Han population. METHODS A(More)
DNA sequencing using reversible terminators, as one sequencing by synthesis strategy, has garnered a great deal of interest due to its popular application in the second-generation high-throughput DNA sequencing technology. In this review, we provided its history of development, classification, and working mechanism of this technology. We also outlined the(More)
AIM To investigate whether vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was over-expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or in surrounding cirrhotic liver tissues. METHODS Immunohistochemistry was performed to investigate the expression of VEGF proteins in HCC tissues from 105 consecutive patients undergoing curative resection for HCC. The immunostaining(More)