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The worm Caenorhabditis elegans is a model system for studying many aspects of biology, including host responses to bacterial pathogens, but it is not known to support replication of any virus. Plants and insects encode multiple Dicer enzymes that recognize distinct precursors of small RNAs and may act cooperatively. However, it is not known whether the(More)
The basic functional unit of the large-conductance, voltage- and Ca2+-activated K+ (MaxiK, BK, BKCa) channel is a tetramer of the pore-forming alpha-subunit (MaxiKalpha) encoded by a single gene, Slo, holding multiple alternative exons. Depending on the tissue, MaxiKalpha can associate with modulatory beta-subunits (beta1-beta4) increasing its functional(More)
The locus control region of the beta-globin gene is composed of four erythroid-specific hypersensitive sites. Hypersensitive site 2 has been shown to be a powerful enhancer and contains a tandem repeat sequence for the transcription factors AP1 and NFE2 (activating protein 1 and nuclear factor erythroid 2, respectively). The human NRF2 (NFE2 related factor(More)
Abnormalities in the STAT3 pathway are involved in the oncogenesis of several cancers. However, the mechanism by which dysregulated STAT3 signaling contributes to the progression of human colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been elucidated, nor has the role of JAK, the physiological activator of STAT3, been evaluated. To investigate the role of both JAK and(More)
Previous studies have suggested that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) may play an important role in the mediation of ischemic preconditioning. In the present study, we examined the release of CGRP during ischemic preconditioning and the effect of preconditioning frequency on this effect in the isolated rat heart. Thirty minutes of global ischemia and(More)
Previous studies have shown that nitric oxide and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) are involved in mediation of the delayed cardioprotection of ischemic or pharmacological preconditioning, and nitric oxide can evoke the release of CGRP. In the present study, we examined the role of CGRP in nitric oxide-mediated delayed cardioprotection by brief(More)
Tyroserleutide (YSL) is an active, low-molecular-weight polypeptide, comprised of three amino acids, that has shown antitumor effects on human hepatocarcinoma BEL-7402 in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we evaluated the inhibition of YSL on invasion and adhesion of the mouse B16-F10 melanoma cell line by injecting B16-F10 cells into the tail veins of(More)
Zonula occludens toxin (Zot) is an enterotoxin elaborated by Vibrio cholerae that increases intestinal permeability by interacting with a mammalian cell receptor with subsequent activation of intracellular signaling leading to the disassembly of the intercellular tight junctions. Zot localizes in the bacterial outer membrane of V. cholerae with subsequent(More)
The large conductance, voltage- and Ca2+-activated potassium (MaxiK, BK) channel and caveolin-1 play important roles in regulating vascular contractility. Here, we hypothesized that the MaxiK alpha-subunit (Slo1) and caveolin-1 may interact with each other. Slo1 and caveolin-1 physiological association in native vascular tissue is strongly supported by (i)(More)
We have demonstrated the exchange of sifted quantum cryptographic key over a 730 meter free-space link at rates of up to 1.0 Mbps, two orders of magnitude faster than previously reported results. A classical channel at 1550 nm operates in parallel with a quantum channel at 845 nm. Clock recovery techniques on the classical channel at 1.25 Gbps enable(More)