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An experiment was conducted to compare the effects of bilateral and unilateral stance on postural fluctuations and intralimb coordination during active balance control. Fifteen participants stood bilaterally and unilaterally while conducting a pointing task with an outstretched arm. Excursion of center of foot pressure (CoP) and limb movements were recorded(More)
We studied the kinetic characteristics of the knee in patients with spastic diplegia. Twenty three children with spastic diplegia were recruited and had their 46 limbs categorised into the following four groups: jump (n=7), crouch (n=8), recurvatum (n=14) and mild (n=17). In the crouch pattern, the patients usually had a larger and longer lasting internal(More)
Forty-eight children, aged 4-6 years, walked while performing or not performing an easy or difficult concurrent motor task (carrying a tray with or without marbles on it) or cognitive task (repeating a series of digits forwards or backwards). The temporal-distance gait parameters were measured using a GAITRite electronic walkway system. Dual-task costs were(More)
Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) refers to a delay in motor development that does not have any known medical cause. Studies conducted in English speaking societies have found that children with DCD display a higher co-occurrence rate of learning difficulties (e.g., problems in reading and writing) than typically developing (TD) children. The(More)
In this study, we developed a balance assessment system in which the visual stimulus was generated by a virtual reality (VR) technique and somatosensation was obtained from a movable platform. By standing on the movable platform, the center of pressure (COP) was measured to express the subject's postural control in response to varied visual stimuli. From(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of treadmill training with body weight support (TBWS) on gait and gross motor function in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN Eight children with spastic CP participated in the study. Their temporal-distance gait parameters, Gross Motor Function Measure, muscle tone, and selective motor control were assessed(More)
Seven children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy and 14 age- and gender-matched nondisabled children participated in the present study for an investigation and comparison of their static standing balance under altered sensory environments. The type of visual input (full, occluded, or sway referenced vision) and the type of somatosensory input (fixed or(More)
Comorbidity of motor and speech/language impairments was investigated in 363 preschool children between the ages of 5 and 6 years (boys: 205, age 6.04+/-0.48 years; girls: 158, age 5.98+/-0.53 years). The children were sampled from two municipals of Taiwan, and were determined to present no apparent neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary system(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of seat surface inclination on postural stability and forward reaching efficiency in 10 children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) and 16 typically developing (TD) children. The children performed a static sitting and a forward reaching task while sitting on a height- and inclination-adjustable stool at(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the effect of reaching in different directions on postural adjustment in children with diplegic cerebral palsy (CP), and to examine the relationship between hand reach performance and postural adjustment, and between postural control ability and postural adjustment. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING A movement science(More)