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This study investigates the changes of the North Atlantic subtropical high (NASH) and its impact on summer precipitation over the southeastern (SE) United States using the 850-hPa geopotential height field in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis, the 40-yr European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis(More)
The U.S. Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) working group on drought recently initiated a series of global climate model simulations forced with idealized SST anomaly patterns, designed to address a number of uncertainties regarding the impact of SST forcing and the role of land–atmosphere feedbacks on regional drought. The runs were carried(More)
Observations show that the standard precipitation index (SPI) over the southern Amazon region decreased in the period of 1970-1999 by 0.32 per decade, indicating an increase in dry conditions. Simulations of constant pre-industrial climate with recent climate models indicate a low probability (p=0%) that the trends are due to internal climate variability.(More)
Despite early speculation to the contrary, all tropical forests studied to date display seasonal variations in the presence of new leaves, flowers, and fruits. Past studies were focused on the timing of phenological events and their cues but not on the accompanying changes in leaf area that regulate vegetation-atmosphere exchanges of energy, momentum, and(More)
Previous studies have shown that c-jun and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) are both induced in injured motoneurons, but their roles in motoneuron death remain unclear. We hypothesized that nNOS might be the downstream effector of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/c-jun in avulsion-induced motoneuron death. Here, we found that brachial root-avulsion(More)
The variability of summer precipitation in the southeastern United States is examined in this study using 60-yr (1948–2007) rainfall data. The Southeast summer rainfalls exhibited higher interannual variability with more intense summer droughts and anomalous wetness in the recent 30 years (1978–2007) than in the prior 30 years (1948–77). Such(More)
This study is to explore and compare the features of the cells and cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) isolated from both glioblastoma and astrocytoma on expression of anti-apoptotic and multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) genes. As a result, the mRNA expression of livin, livinalpha and MRP1 was up-regulated in human CSCs from 2 times to 85 times, but(More)
We have observed that the dry-season length (DSL) has increased over southern Amazonia since 1979, primarily owing to a delay of its ending dates (dry-season end, DSE), and is accompanied by a prolonged fire season. A poleward shift of the subtropical jet over South America and an increase of local convective inhibition energy in austral winter(More)
Hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia (HAAA) is a variant of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) in which bone marrow failure follows an acute attack of hepatitis. Its pathogenesis is poorly understood. We investigated the prevalence of HAAA among cases of newly diagnosed SAA presenting to our hospital between January 1998 and February 2013, and analyzed the(More)
This paper presents a prototype system, which synthesizes entertainment oriented cartoon face and translates text message to multimedia animation in mobile phone. While a digital real facial photograph and some text are im-puted, a piece of exaggerated facial animation with entertainment will be shown in the phone. Three steps are used to get this(More)