Learn More
Waterlogging usually results from overuse or poor management of irrigation water and is a serious constraint due to its damaging effects. RAP2.6L (At5g13330) overexpression enhances plant resistance to jasmonic acid, salicylic acid, abscisic acid (ABA) and ethylene in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, it is not known whether RAP2.6L overexpression in vivo(More)
SUMMARY Two-component signal transduction, featuring highly conserved histidine kinases (HKs) and response regulators (RRs), is one of the most prevalent signalling schemes in prokaryotes. RRs function as phosphorylation-activated switches to mediate diverse output responses, mostly via transcription regulation. As bacterial genomes typically encode(More)
The aim of this study was to prepare a novel nanoemulsion loaded with poorly water-soluble chlorhexidine acetate (CNE) to improve its solubility, and specifically enhance the antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans in vitro and in vivo. In this study, a novel CNE nanoemulsion with an average size of 63.13 nm and zeta potential of -67.13 mV(More)
The regulative effects of microRNAs (miRNAs) on responses of Schwann cells to a nerve injury stimulus are not yet clear. In this study, we noted that the expression of eight miRNAs was downregulated at different time points following rat sciatic nerve transection, and found that 368 potential targets of these eight miRNAs were mainly involved in phenotypic(More)
Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons spontaneously undergo robust neurite growth after axotomy. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are an important class of pervasive genes involved in a variety of biological functions. However, the functions of lncRNAs in the regulation of responses of DRG neurons to injury stimuli remain untested. Here, lncRNA microarray analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Alpha-Tocopherol and gamma-tocopherol are the two major forms of vitamin E in human plasma and the primary lipid soluble antioxidants. The dietary intake of gamma-tocopherol is generally higher than that of alpha-tocopherol. However, alpha-tocopherol plasma levels are about four fold higher than those of gamma-tocopherol. Among other factors, a(More)
Estrogen has multiple actions in the brain to modulate homeostasis, synaptic plasticity, neuroprotection and pain sensitivity. Previous studies have demonstrated that estradiol may affect the ion channel function. The role of voltage-gated sodium channels in the transmission of nociceptive and neuropathic pain messages is well-established. Herein, we report(More)
OBJECTIVES Estrogen regulates a wide variety of nonreproductive functions in the central nervous system. Cortical neurons contain a diverse range of voltage-gated ion channels, including calcium (Ca(2+)) channels, and Ca(2+) channels play an important role in the regulation of action potential generation and neuronal excitability. In this study, the effect(More)
Two-component signal transduction (TCST) is the predominant signaling scheme used in bacteria to sense and respond to environmental changes in order to survive and thrive. A typical TCST system consists of a sensor histidine kinase to detect external signals and an effector response regulator to respond to external changes. In the signaling scheme, the(More)
Prior to fertilization sperm must undergo the acrosome reaction that is initiated by opening of T-type Ca(2+) channel. Hence, T-type Ca(2+) channels could be a potential target for agents affecting the acrosome reaction. Our previous data have suggested that fenvalerate, a type II pyrethroid, inhibited the acrosome reaction in mice. To elucidate its(More)