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OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To evaluate and compare the effect of chlorhexidine gluconate, povidoneiodine, and alcohol-three antiseptics used before ear surgery-on the function of the vestibular and cochlear parts of the sand rat's inner ear. The assessment of damage is based on the recording of vestibular evoked potentials (VsEPs) and auditory brainstem response(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients often complain of numbness of the tongue after otologic procedures; this symptom may occur with or without taste alterations. The purpose of this study was to objectively assess possible changes in the general sensation of the tongue in patients undergoing middle ear surgery. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Thirty-three individuals were(More)
The human fetus in utero is able to respond to sounds in the amniotic fluid enveloping the fetus after about 20 weeks gestation. The pathway by which sound reaches and activates the fetal inner ear is not entirely known. It has been suggested that in this total fluid environment, the tympanic membrane and the round window membrane become 'transparent' to(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To determine the incidence of measurable audiometric changes in the contralateral ear and clinical bilateral Menière's disease in individuals with longstanding established unilateral Menière's disease. STUDY DESIGN Analysis of data in an ongoing prospective study. METHODS One hundred and one patients who were treated with(More)
Postnatal functional changes in the activity of the ear and auditory pathway in neonatal guinea pigs [from day of birth (postnatal day, PND = 0), PNDs 1-4, 7 and then weekly up to 7 weeks] were studied as a model of maturation of hearing in human neonates. On the day of birth there were signs of a conductive hearing loss: negative middle ear pressure,(More)
Auditory stimulation can, under certain circumstances, activate the vestibular end organs and this is facilitated by fenestration of a semicircular canal (SCC). Several fenestrated profoundly deaf patients reported improvements in their bone- (BC) but not air-conducted (AC) thresholds. Bone conduction auditory thresholds have been reported to be better than(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the findings in patients with facial nerve schwannoma in whom surgery was elected at onset versus patients treated expectantly. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case review. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Twenty-four patients with a mean age of 44 years (range, 18-65 yr) were followed for an average of 6 years (range, 1-19(More)
Clinical conditions have been described in which one of the two cochlear windows is immobile (otosclerosis) or absent (round window atresia), but nevertheless bone conduction (BC) thresholds are relatively unaffected. To clarify this apparent paradox, experimental manipulations which would severely impede several of the classical osseous mechanisms of BC(More)
OBJECTIVES Auditory sensation can be elicited by applying a bone conduction vibrator to skin sites on the head, neck, and thorax over soft tissues. This is called soft tissue conduction (STC). We hypothesized that introducing substances with acoustic impedances that sharply deviate from those of soft tissues, such as air pockets, into the soft tissues(More)
BACKGROUND Soft tissue conduction (STC), a recently described mode of auditory stimulation elicited when the clinical bone vibrator is applied to skin sites over the head, neck, and thorax, complements air conduction (AC) and bone conduction (BC), elicited by the same vibrator. The study assessed skull bone vibrations induced during STC and BC stimulation.(More)