Learn More
Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical, vulvar, and vaginal cancers, precancerous dysplasia, and genital warts. We report data for the longest efficacy evaluation to date of a prophylactic HPV vaccine. In total, 552 women (16-23 years) were enrolled in a randomised, placebo-controlled study of a quadrivalent HPV 6/11/16/18 L1 virus-like-particle vaccine(More)
BACKGROUND A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled phase II study was done to assess the efficacy of a prophylactic quadrivalent vaccine targeting the human papillomavirus (HPV) types associated with 70% of cervical cancers (types 16 and 18) and with 90% of genital warts (types 6 and 11). METHODS 277 young women (mean age 20.2 years [SD 1.7]) were(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes cervical cancer and genital warts. Young women (1106) were randomized to receive one of three formulations of a quadrivalent HPV (Types 6/11/16/18) L1 virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine or one of two placebo formulations. The goal was to assess vaccine safety and immunogenicity in baseline HPV 6/11/16 or 18-naïve(More)
BACKGROUND The duration of protection afforded by vaccines represents a critical test of their utility as public health interventions. Some vaccines induce long-term immunity, while others require booster doses. Vaccines that induce long-term protection are usually characterized by the generation of immune memory. Recent trials of a quadrivalent (types 6,(More)
Sentinel node mapping reduces surgical morbidity and allows the use of more accurate tumour staging techniques. Radionuclide studies are preferentially performed using small colloids, which have limited availability in our country. The possibility of using phytate for sentinel node mapping was raised because of the similarity between its biodistribution and(More)
We hypothesized that the activation of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and ErbB-2 signaling is required for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) lesions to progress to cervical cancer. A retrospective analysis was performed in 179 patients with Stage I squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 233 patients with CIN (112 CIN I,(More)
In order to correlate the findings of two serological tests, double immunodiffusion (IDD) and immunoblotting (IB), with the clinical diagnosis and follow-up of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), 325 serum samples from PCM patients were tested at the beginning of specific therapy and after its completion. Group I included 245 PCM patients at the onset of symptoms(More)
  • R L Costa
  • 1982
Two large groups of prehistoric Eskimo skeletons from Point Hope, Alaska, were evaluated for dental wear and several measures of periodontal disease. Occlusal attrition was found to increase steadily with increasing age. Crown height decreased proportionately. Assessing periodontal disease by inspecting apparent alveolar recession was judged ineffective due(More)
A cross-sectional epidemiological survey for paracoccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis, including skin tests with paracoccidioidin and histoplasmin, physical examinations and X-rays, was conducted among three Tupí-Mondé Amerindian populations from Brazilian Amazonia. The study followed the diagnosis of an increasing number of cases of paracoccidioidomycosis(More)
  • R L Costa
  • 1980
The incidence of caries and abscesses in 246 archeologically derived skeletal specimens from the Ipiutak and Tigara levels at Point Hope, Alaska, and 79 specimens excavated from Jones Point, Kodiak Island, Alaska were investigated. All three collections span long periods of time. Only pre-white contact specimens were used. Each specimen was sexed and aged(More)