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A new homodimer form of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), TGF-beta 2, has been identified in porcine blood platelets. TGF-beta 2 is homologous to ordinary TGF-beta (TGF-beta 1), which is also present in platelets. TGF-beta 1.2, a heterodimer containing one TGF-beta 1 chain and one TGF-beta 2 chain, has also been isolated. TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 2(More)
We have characterized the interaction of homodimeric porcine transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) with affinity-purified human plasma fibronectin. Using a solid-phase binding assay, we have demonstrated that TGF-beta 1 binds to fibronectin immobilized on Immunlon ITM microtiter plates. TGF-beta 1 binding increased with time, reaching a plateau(More)
Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala), a leguminous shrub promising to cope with feed scarcity in the tropics, may help in mitigating ruminal methane (CH4) emission in the tropics as well. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of Leucaena and major secondary compounds of this plant in ruminants. At first, effects of Leucaena tannins and mimosine(More)
Recombinant human transforming growth factor soluble receptor Type II (rhTGF-beta sRII) corresponding to the 159 amino acid extracellular domain of hTGF-beta RII has been expressed in insect cells using the baculovirus expression system or in a mouse myeloma cell line. N-terminal sequence analysis of the purified protein revealed the removal of the 23 amino(More)
Virtually complete backbone NMR signal assignments have been reported for transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) [Archer et al. (1993) Biochemistry (preceding paper in this issue)]. Herein we report the secondary structure of the protein in solution on the basis of these assignments and proton NOE's observed in a variety of 2D and 3D heteronuclear(More)
The three-dimensional solution structure of human transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) has been determined using multinuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and a hybrid distance geometry/ simulated annealing algorithm. It represents one of the first examples of a mammalian protein structure that has been solved by isotopic labeling of the(More)
Human blood platelets, which are highly motile cells essential for the maintenance of hemostasis, contain large quantities of actin and other contractile proteins. We have previously introduced a method (Lucas, R. C., T. C. Detwiler, and A. Stracher, J. Cell Biol., 1976, 70(2, Pt. 2):259 a) for the quantitative recovery of the platelets' cytoskeleton using(More)
Our previous studies suggested that the ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) inhibits bone resorption by mechanisms that are independent of polyamine depletion. To determine whether DFMO prevents calcitriol-stimulated bone resorption by acting at a step before or after osteoclast activation, we compared the effects of DFMO(More)
The transforming growth factor beta s are a homologous family of multifunctional cytokines that regulate cell growth and differentiation. As a prelude to studies of the solution structure and dynamics of TGF-beta 1, we report virtually complete assignment of 1H and 15N resonances for this 25-kDa homodimeric protein. Recombinant TGF-beta 1 was expressed in(More)
The specific binding of [3H]spiperone, a D-2 dopamine receptor ligand, in in retinas from rabbits kept one week in constant light was significantly lower than in retinas from rabbits exposed to constant dark. Constant light did not alter the binding of [3H]spiperone in the striatum, where melatonin does not inhibit dopamine release. The decrease in(More)