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Aquaporin (AQP) 4 is the predominant water channel in the mammalian brain, abundantly expressed in the blood-brain and brain-cerebrospinal fluid interfaces of glial cells. Its function in cerebral water balance has implications in neuropathological disorders, including brain edema, stroke, and head injuries. The 1.8-A crystal structure reveals the molecular(More)
The purpose of this literature review is to examine recent advances in technique and technology of endoscopic mucosal resection of superficial early cancers of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of superficial early cancers of the upper gastrointestinal tract is standard technique in Japan and is increasingly used in(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein functions as a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway. In this capacity, APC forms a "destruction complex" with Axin, CK1α, and GSK3β to foster phosphorylation of the Wnt effector β-catenin earmarking it for Lys-48-linked polyubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation. APC is conjugated with(More)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative autoimmune disorder caused by chronic inflammation and demyelination within the central nervous system (CNS). Clinical studies in MS patients have demonstrated efficacy with B cell targeted therapies such as anti-CD20. However, the exact role that B cells play in the disease process is unclear. Activation(More)
2534 Background: We have initiated phase I clinical trials treating patients with chemotherapy-refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) (IRB #06-138) and relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (IRB #09-114) with autologous T cells modified to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) specific to the B cell tumor antigen CD19 (19-28z). METHODS T(More)
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