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Cutinase, which exists in both fungi and bacteria, catalyzes the cleavage of the ester bonds of cutin. Fungal cutinases have been extensively studied, however, reports on bacterial cutinases have been limited due to the lack of knowledge concerning the identity of their open reading frames. In the present study, the cutinase from Thermobifida fusca was(More)
We have identified and defined the function of kpsF of Neisseria meningitidis and the homologues of kpsF in encapsulated K1 and K5 Escherichia coli. KpsF was shown to be the arabinose-5-phosphate isomerase, an enzyme not previously identified in prokaryotes, that mediates the interconversion of ribulose 5-phosphate and arabinose 5-phosphate. KpsF is(More)
Colanic acid (CA) or M-antigen is an exopolysaccharide produced by many enterobacteria, including the majority of Escherichia coli strains. Unlike other capsular polysaccharides, which have a close association with the bacterial surface, CA forms a loosely associated saccharide mesh that coats the bacteria, often within biofilms. Herein we show that a(More)
Cutinase is a multifunctional esterase with potential industrial applications. In the present study, a truncated version of the extracellular Thermobifida fusca cutinase without a signal peptide (referred to as cutinase(NS)) was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The results showed that the majority of the cutinase activity was located(More)
Bacterial 3-deoxy-d-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthases (DAHPSs) have been divided into either of two classes (Class I/Class II) or subfamilies (AroAI(alpha)/AroAI(beta)). Our investigation into the biochemical properties of the unique bifunctional DAHPS from Bacillus subtilis provides new insight into the evolutionary link among DAHPS subfamilies.(More)
The Escherichia coli gene murB, encoding the enzyme uridine-5'-diphospho-N-acetyl-2-amino-2-deoxy-3-O-lactylglucosenicoti namide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidoreductase (EC (EP-reductase), the second enzyme in the peptidoglycan biosynthetic pathway, has been amplified using PCR technology with the Kohara recombinant lambda phage E11C11(More)
NG-Hydroxy-L-arginine, [15N]-NG-hydroxy-L-arginine, and NG-hydroxy-NG- methyl-L-arginine were used as mechanistic probes of the initial step in the reaction catalyzed by nitric oxide synthase isolated from murine macrophages. NG-Hydroxy-L-arginine was found to be a substrate for nitric oxide synthase with a Km equal to 28.0 microM, yielding nitric oxide and(More)
An open reading frame, encoding for KDOPS (3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate synthase), from Arabidopsis thaliana was cloned into a T7-driven expression vector. The protein was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Recombinant A. thaliana KDOPS, in solution, displays an apparent molecular mass of 76 kDa and a subunit(More)
Escherichia coli NeuNAc (N-acetylneuraminic acid) synthase catalyses the condensation of PEP (phosphoenolpyruvate) and ManNAc (N-acetylmannosamine) to form NeuNAc and is encoded by the neuB gene. Campylobacter jejuni has three neuB genes, one of which is very similar to the E. coli neuB gene. We have characterized the C. jejuni neuraminic acid synthase with(More)
The steric course of the methyl group transfer catalyzed by catechol O-methyltransferase was studied using S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) carrying a methyl group made chiral by labeling with 1H, 2H, and 3H in an asymmetrical arrangement. Incubation of the two diastereomers of this substrate with catechol O-methyl-transferase purified from rat liver and(More)