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PURPOSE Unilateral ureteral obstruction results in decreased blood flow and tissue loss in the obstructed kidney. This condition is compensated by increased perfusion and trophic changes in the contralateral kidney. Vascular mediators' effects are central to these changes and of these mediators endothelin is the most potent vasoconstrictor known. We(More)
Herniated intervertebral disc tissue has been shown to produce a number of proinflammatory mediators and cytokines, but there have been no similar studies using discs from patients with discogenic low back pain. We have compared the levels of production of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in disc tissue from patients(More)
Apoptosis is a distinct mechanism by which eukaryotic cells die. Neutrophils (PMN) play a fundamental role in the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Clearance of PMN during resolution of the acute inflammatory process occurs by apoptosis, but factors inducing this process are unknown. The aims of this study were to determine whether PMN ingestion of(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are synthesized by cells in response to various stress conditions, including carcinogenesis. The expression of HSPs in neoplasia has been implicated in the regulation of apoptosis, and HSPs also can act by increasing immunity. In the current study, the authors attempted to clarify the significance of HSPs in bladder(More)
During cancer development and progression, tumor cells undergo abnormal epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation, histone deacetylation and nucleosome remodeling. Collectively, these aberrations promote genomic instability and lead to silencing of tumor-suppressor genes and reactivation of oncogenic retroviruses. Epigenetic modifications,(More)
INTRODUCTION Over one-third of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) will develop an intestinal stricture and the great majority of these will require at least one surgical procedure. While the pathogenesis of inflammation in CD has been extensively investigated, knowledge of stricture pathogenesis remains limited. The aim of this review is to discuss the(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that the antioxidant taurine may modulate human endothelial cell (EC) death (apoptosis versus necrosis). Sodium arsenite (80 microM) alone and in combination with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (25 ng/mL) caused EC apoptosis after 24 h of treatment. Taurine (.5 mg/mL) added at 0 and 6 h could significantly(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in males in the western world. However, little is known about its origin and development. This review highlights the biology of the normal prostate gland and the differentiation of basal epithelial cells to a secretory phenotype. Alterations in this differentiation process leading to cancer and(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which is derived from the cell wall of gram-negative and some gram-positive bacteria, plays a major role is the pathogenesis of septic shock. Initiation of these responses depends on LPS interaction with a number of immune cells, not least the mononuclear phagocyte (MP). Mononuclear phagocytes bind the(More)
PURPOSE Ureteral obstruction (UO) results in apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells. We postulated that mechanical deformation and inflammation contribute to the cellular loss that occurs as a result of UO and it is mediated through altered heat shock protein 70 (HSP-70) expression and the caspase cascade. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human HK-2 renal(More)