Ronald W McClard

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UMP synthase, or multienzyme pyr-5,6 (orotate phosphoribosyltransferase:orotidine monophosphate decarboxylase), has been purified from Ehrlich ascites carcinoma to apparent homogeneity. The purification was achieved by the use of 5-[2-[N-(2-aminoethyl)carbamyl]ethyl]-6-azauridine 5'-monophosphate-agarose and phosphocellulose affinity columns linked in(More)
A ping-pong bi-bi kinetic mechanism ascribed to yeast orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRTase) [Victor, J., Greenberg, L. B., and Sloan, D. L. (1979) J. Biol. Chem. 254, 2647-2655] has been shown to be inoperative [Witte, J. F., Tsou, R., and McClard, R. W. (1999) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 361, 106-112]. Radiolabeled orotidine 5'-phosphate (OMP), generated(More)
Genetic fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (Fah) deficiency is unique in that healthy gene-corrected hepatocytes have a strong growth advantage and can repopulate the diseased liver. Unfortunately, similar positive selection of gene-corrected cells is absent in most inborn errors of liver metabolism and it is difficult to reach the cell replacement index(More)
FAH (fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase) catalyses the final step of tyrosine catabolism to produce fumarate and acetoacetate. HT1 (hereditary tyrosinaemia type 1) results from deficiency of this enzyme. Previously, we prepared a partial mimic of the putative tetrahedral intermediate in the reaction catalysed by FAH co-crystallized with the enzyme to reveal(More)
Uridylate synthase is a bifunctional protein that first forms orotidine 5'-phosphate (OMP) from orotate via its orotate phosphoribosyltransferase activity (EC 2.4.2.10) and then converts OMP to uridine 5'-phosphate (UMP) via the OMP decarboxylase activity (EC 4.1.1.23). A computer modeling analysis of the experiments that led to the proposal [Traut, T.W., &(More)
Orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRTase, EC 2.4.2.10) catalyzes the Mg2+-dependent condensation of orotic acid (OA) with PRPP (5-alpha-d-phosphorylribose 1-diphosphate) to yield diphosphate (PPi) and the nucleotide OMP (orotidine 5'-monophosphate). We have determined the structures of three forms of Saccharomyces cerevisiae OPRTase representing different(More)
A mimic of the putative transition-state intermediate has been synthesized and found to be a very slow-onset inhibitor of yeast orotate phosphoribosyltransferase. The mechanism of inhibition may involve a rate-determining isomerization of the enzyme to a form receptive to the inhibitor, which then remains tightly bound.