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Conduction of impulses in myelinated axons has been studied by a new method of computer simulation. The contributions of nodal and internodal characteristics and parameters were examined. Surprisingly, the conduction velocity, theta, was found to be quite insensitive to the nodal area or the exact description of its excitable processes. The conduction(More)
It has been argued theoretically and confirmed experimentally that conduction velocity (theta) should be proportional to nerve fibre diameter for myelinated fibre tracts, such as normal peripheral nerve, exhibiting 'structural' similarity'. In some axons, however, the nodes of Ranvier are more closely spaced than in normal peripheral nerve. Analytic(More)
The effects of intercellular coupling conductance on the activity of two electrically coupled isolated rabbit sinoatrial nodal cells were investigated. A computer-controlled version of the "coupling clamp" technique was used in which isolated sinoatrial nodal cells, not physically in contact with each other, were electrically coupled at various values of(More)
We have used pairs of cardiac cells (i.e., one real guinea pig ventricular cell and a real-time simulation of a numerical model of a guinea pig ventricular cell) to evaluate the effects on action potential conduction of a variable coupling conductance in combination with agents that either increase or decrease the magnitude of the L-type calcium current.(More)
1. The propagation of action potentials through the branching regions of squid axons was examined experimentally and with computer simulations over a temperature range of 5-25 degrees C. 2. Above a critical ratio of postbranch to prebranch diameters, propagation of an action potential failed. The value of this critical ratio is very sensitive to temperature(More)
Action potential propagation through cardiac tissue occurs in a spatially inhomogeneous three-dimensional electrical syncytium composed of discrete cells with regional variations in membrane properties and intercellular resistance. In comparison with axons, cardiac tissue presents some differences in the application of core conductor cable theory. We have(More)
Tachycardias can be produced when focal activity at ectopic locations in either the atria or the ventricles propagates into the surrounding quiescent myocardium. Isolated rabbit atrioventricular nodal cells were coupled by an electronic circuit to a real-time simulation of an array of cell models. We investigated the critical size of an automatic focus for(More)
The normal process of excitation of the heart involves propagation of action potentials through cardiac regions of different anatomy and different intrinsic membrane properties. Although our understanding of these properties is still incomplete, it is well accepted that the parameters measured from a single cell penetration in an electrical syncytium (e.g.,(More)
We have used numerical methods for solving cable equations, combined with previously published mathematical models for the membrane properties of ventricular and Purkinje cells, to simulate the propagation of cardiac action potentials along a unidimensional strand. Two types of inhomogeneities have been simulated and the results compared with experimentally(More)
We used cell pairs electrically coupled with relatively high intercellular resistance to investigate the involvement of calcium current in the origin of the source current during the conduction process of the action potential (AP). Three interventions were used to reduce the calcium current: a specific calcium channel blocker [nifedipine (NIF)], premature(More)