Ronald T. Kodama

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BACKGROUND Studies of complications resulting from surgery or radiotherapy for prostate cancer have mainly focused on incontinence and erectile dysfunction. We aimed to assess other important complications associated with these treatments for prostate cancer. METHODS We did a population-based retrospective cohort study, in which we used administrative(More)
CONTEXT To date, there is no Level 1 evidence comparing the efficacy of radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy for patients with clinically-localized prostate cancer. OBJECTIVE To conduct a meta-analysis assessing the overall and prostate cancer-specific mortality among patients treated with radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy for clinically-localized(More)
PURPOSE Urinary incontinence can be a significant complication of radical prostatectomy. It can be treated with post-prostatectomy surgical procedures. The long-term rate of patients who undergo these surgeries, including artificial urinary sphincter or urethral sling insertion, is not well described. We examined the long-term rate of post-prostatectomy(More)
BACKGROUND Men undergoing treatment of clinically localised prostate cancer may experience a number of treatment-related complications, which affect their quality of life. METHODS On the basis of population-based retrospective cohort of men undergoing surgery, with or without subsequent radiotherapy, or radiotherapy alone for prostate cancer in Ontario,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association between exposure to radiotherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer and subsequent second malignancies (second primary cancers). DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. DATA SOURCES Medline and Embase up to 6 April 2015 with no restrictions on year or language. STUDY SELECTION(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess rates of treatment-related complications after radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy monotherapy, using propensity score matching to account for baseline differences between these patient populations. METHODS On the basis of a population-based study of men undergoing surgery or radiotherapy for prostate cancer in Ontario between 2002(More)
A renal artery intimal injury induced by blunt trauma in a 23-year-old man was treated by percutaneous placement of a Palmaz endovascular stent. The patient was placed on anticoagulation for 2 months following stent insertion. Nuclide renal scans demonstrated recovery of normal renal function on the affected side at 9 months postprocedure.
PURPOSE Controversy exists regarding antibiotic prophylaxis before shock wave lithotripsy. The AUA (American Urological Association) guideline recommends universal antibiotic prophylaxis, whereas the EAU (European Association of Urology) guideline recommends prophylaxis only for select patients. We evaluated the use of targeted antibiotic prophylaxis in(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting evidence exists for the association between testosterone replacement therapy and mortality and cardiovascular events. The US Food and Drug Administration recently cautioned that testosterone replacement therapy might increase risk of heart attack and stroke, based on evidence from studies with short treatment duration and follow-up.(More)
INTRODUCTION Surgical volume can affect several outcomes following radical prostatectomy (RP). We examined if surgical volume was associated with novel categories of treatment-related complications following RP. METHODS We examined a population-based cohort of men treated with RP in Ontario, Canada between 2002 and 2009. We used Cox proportional hazard(More)