Learn More
The pulsed Nd: YAG laser is advocated as an alternative means of providing analgesia during routine dental procedures. Since the evidence to support this claim is mainly anecdotal, a clinical trial was carried out using an electric pulp tester (EPT) to measure the extent and duration of any analgesic effect induced by pulsed Nd: YAG laser treatment. A(More)
Laser Doppler flowmetry is a non-invasive electrooptical technique which allows the semi-quantitative recording of pulpal blood flow. This study aimed to determine the reliability (measured as the sensitivity and specificity) of laser Doppler flowmetry as a method of assessing the vitality of traumatised anterior teeth, and to compare it with standard(More)
No standardised method for taste threshold measurement is available and therefore comparison between clinical studies is difficult. An electrogustometer was evaluated in normal subjects. No sex difference in taste threshold was noted; however, there was a significant elevation in detection threshold with age and smoking. Electrogustometric values both in(More)
The aim of this study was to measure the rise in temperature during: (i) a single cycle of a curing light unit, (ii) the polymerization of a layer of light-cured lining material, and (iii) the polymerization of a light-cured posterior composite material, and also during combinations of these individual procedures. Experimental work was undertaken in vitro(More)
The present study aims to assess the ability of saliva, both in vitro and in situ, to prevent surface mineral loss from enamel and dentine when exposed to an erosive challenge. Fifteen groups of four varnished thin tooth sections were stored in saliva collected from individuals taking part in the in situ study and a further eight groups, each containing(More)
The aims of this study were firstly to investigate the fluoride-releasing characteristics of five commercial glass ionomer materials: Ketac Fil, Chemfil Superior, Fuji II LC, Aquacem and Vitrebond. The second aim was to assess the fluoride uptake and subsequent release from the same range of materials. In both tests, ten discs, 6 mm in diameter with a(More)
The effect of baseline lesion mineral loss on the remineralization of enamel lesions by a sodium fluoride dentifrice was studied in situ by means of an appliance carrying enamel sections. Artificial lesions of various sizes were created, by means of acidified gelatin, and were then mounted on the appliances of five volunteers. Each brushed twice daily for(More)
This paper describes a novel application of transverse microradiography for the detection and quantification of mineral loss due to acid erosion in thin tooth sections. Sixty-four specimens were randomly divided into eight equal-sized groups and exposed to an orthophosphoric-acid-based erosive fluid (pH = 3) for 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 12, or 24 hrs. We made(More)