Ronald Sloboda

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In this paper, we propose an automated method to reconstruct the three-dimensional (3-D) needle shape during needle insertion procedures using only 2-D transverse ultrasound (US) images. Using a set of transverse US images, image processing and random sample consensus are used to locate the needle within each image and estimate the needle shape. The method(More)
PURPOSE This paper proposes a method to predict the deflection of a flexible needle inserted into soft tissue based on the observation of deflection at a single point along the needle shaft. METHODS We model the needle-tissue as a discretized structure composed of several virtual, weightless, rigid links connected by virtual helical springs whose(More)
A virtual sensor is developed for the online estimation of needle tip deflection during permanent interstitial brachytherapy needle insertion. Permanent interstitial brachytherapy is an effective, minimally invasive, and patient friendly cancer treatment procedure. The deflection of the needles used in the procedure, however, undermines the treatment(More)
Global modelling has traditionally been the approach taken to estimate needle deflection in soft tissue. In this paper, we propose a new method based on local data-driven modelling of needle deflection. External measurement of needle–tissue interactions is collected from several insertions in ex vivo tissue to form a cloud of data. Inputs to the system are(More)
This paper presents a comparison of three-dimensional (3-D) segmentations of the prostate, based on two-dimensional (2-D) manually segmented contours, obtained using ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging data collected from 40 patients diagnosed with localized prostate cancer and scheduled to receive brachytherapy treatment. The approach we(More)
— A tissue-independent model to estimate needle deflection during insertion in soft tissue is presented in this paper. A force/torque sensor is connected to the needle base in order to measure forces and moments during insertion due to needle deflection. A static mechanical model, which is based on the Euler-Bernoulli beam equation and the balance of forces(More)
— In needle-based medical procedures, beveled-tip flexible needles are steered inside soft tissue with the aim of reaching pre-defined target locations. The efficiency of needle-based interventions depends on accurate control of the needle tip. This paper presents a comprehensive mechanics-based model for simulation of planar needle insertion in soft(More)
— We propose a method to estimate the entire shape of a long flexible needle, suitable for a needle insertion assistant robot. This method bases its prediction on only a small segment of a needle, imaged via ultrasound, after insertion. An algorithm is developed that can segment a needle observed partially in ultrasound images and fully in camera images,(More)
— This paper introduces an automatic method to visualize 3D needle shapes for reliable assessment of needle placement during needle insertion procedures. Based on partial observations of the needle within a small sample of 2D transverse ultrasound images, the 3D shape of the entire needle is reconstructed. An intensity thresholding technique is used to(More)
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