Ronald Shoup

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We localized the neuroanatomical correlates for control of saccadic eye movements and for finger movements using a combined transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) approach. Two participants underwent TMS while performing an endogenous saccade task. The motor hand area was localized by TMS and the region anterior to it(More)
This study evaluated the effects of body weight and lean mass abnormalities on health-related quality of life (HRQL) in obstructive airways disease. Body weight, lean mass (using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), and HRQL (using the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ)) were measured in 50 patients. Low lean mass was defined as a lean mass index(More)
Previous studies have reported that Blacks have 10-20% more bone mineral than Whites of the same height. Theoretically, this should mean that the lean body mass of Blacks is denser than that of Whites, such that formulas for calculating lean body mass from density in Whites will overestimate the lean body mass (and thus underestimate fatness) in Blacks. To(More)
Young athletes of both sexes grow as well as nonathletes. The experience of athletic training and competition does not harm the physical growth and development of the youngster. The young, trained athlete has generally a lesser percentage of body weight as fat. Maturity relationships are not consistent across sports. Male athletes more often than not tend(More)
The interaction of consciousness and physical systems is most often discussed in theoretical terms, usually with reference to the epistemological and ontological challenges of quantum theory. Less well known is a growing literature reporting experiments that examine the mindmatter relationship empirically. Here we describe data from a global network of(More)
Six skinfold measurements for male and female athletes (N=456) at the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games were analyzed to identify principal components of fatness and anatomical distribution of fat, i.e., fat patterning. As in non-athletes, two principal components were evident among the athletes. All skinfolds were correlated positively with the first component,(More)
Age at menarache, family size, and birth order in 145 athletes at the Montreal Olympic Games, 1976, were determined through interview. The athletes represented 27 countries, but 76% came from Canada, Great Britain and the United States. On the average, athletes attained menarche later than the general population in their respective countries, the mean age(More)
An open letter written by the Global CRO Council for Bioanalysis (GCC) describing the GCC survey results on stability data from co-administered and co-formulated drugs was sent to multiple regulatory authorities on 14 December 2011. This letter and further discussions at different GCC meetings led to subsequent recommendations on this topic of widespread(More)